crystal

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crystal
Axes of symmetry in the seven main crystal systems are depicted using different colors. Within each crystal, axes having the same color are of equal length.

crys·tal

 (krĭs′təl)
n.
1.
a. A homogenous solid formed by a repeating, three-dimensional pattern of atoms, ions, or molecules and having fixed distances between constituent parts.
b. The unit cell of such a pattern.
2. A mineral, especially a transparent form of quartz, having a crystalline structure, often characterized by external planar faces.
3.
a. A natural or synthetic crystalline material having piezoelectric or semiconducting properties.
b. An electronic device containing such a material, as one that provides access to a radio frequency.
4.
a. A high-quality, clear, colorless glass.
b. An object, especially a vessel or ornament, made of such glass.
c. Such objects considered as a group.
5. A clear glass or plastic protective cover for the face of a watch or clock.
6. Slang A stimulant drug, usually methamphetamine, in its powdered form.
adj.
Clear or transparent: a crystal lake; the crystal clarity of their reasoning. See Synonyms at clear.

[Middle English cristal, from Old French, from Latin crystallum, from Greek krustallos, ice, crystal; see kreus- in Indo-European roots.]

crystal

(ˈkrɪstəl)
n
1. (Chemistry) a piece of solid substance, such as quartz, with a regular shape in which plane faces intersect at definite angles, due to the regular internal structure of its atoms, ions, or molecules
2. (Minerals) a single grain of a crystalline substance
3. anything resembling a crystal, such as a piece of cut glass
4. (Ceramics)
a. a highly transparent and brilliant type of glass, often used in cut-glass tableware, ornaments, etc
b. (as modifier): a crystal chandelier.
5. something made of or resembling crystal
6. (Ceramics) crystal glass articles collectively
7. (Electronics) electronics
a. a crystalline element used in certain electronic devices as a detector, oscillator, transducer, etc
b. (as modifier): crystal pick-up; crystal detector.
8. (Horology) a transparent cover for the face of a watch, usually of glass or plastic
9. (Chemistry) (modifier) of or relating to a crystal or the regular atomic arrangement of crystals: crystal structure; crystal lattice.
adj
resembling crystal; transparent: crystal water.
[Old English cristalla, from Latin crystallum, from Greek krustallos ice, crystal, from krustainein to freeze]

crys•tal

(ˈkrɪs tl)
n.
1. a clear, transparent mineral or glass resembling ice.
2. the transparent form of crystallized quartz.
3. a solid body having a characteristic internal structure and enclosed by symmetrically arranged plane surfaces, intersecting at definite and characteristic angles.
4. a single grain or mass of a crystalline substance.
5. glass of fine quality and a high degree of brilliance.
6. glassware, esp. for the table and ornamental objects, made of such glass.
7. the glass or plastic cover over the face of a watch.
8. a quartz crystal shaped to vibrate at a particular frequency, used to control the frequency of an oscillator.
9. a piece of crystalline material thought to have or confer any of various special powers: healing crystals.
10. Slang. any stimulant drug in solid form, as methamphetamine.
adj.
11. of or composed of crystal.
12. resembling crystal; clear; transparent.
[before 1000; Middle English cristal(le), Old English cristalla < Medieval Latin cristallum, Latin crystallum < Greek krýstallos clear ice, rock crystal, derivative of krystaínein to freeze; see cryo-]
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crystal
Imaginary axes of symmetry in the seven main crystal systems are depicted using different colors. Within each crystal, axes having the same color are of equal length.

crys·tal

(krĭs′təl)
A solid composed of atoms, molecules, or ions arranged in regular patterns that are repeated throughout the structure to form a characteristic network. Crystals have straight edges and flat surfaces, and can occur in many sizes and shapes. ♦ The particular arrangement in space of these atoms, molecules, or ions, and the way in which they are joined is called a crystal lattice. There are seven crystal groups or systems. Each is defined on the basis of the geometrical arrangement of the crystal lattice.

crystalline adjective

crystal


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1. A mineral that has solidified with geometrically arranged atoms and external symmetry.
2. A substance with an orderly arrangement of atoms, ions or molecules in a regular geometrical shape.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.crystal - a solid formed by the solidification of a chemical and having a highly regular atomic structurecrystal - a solid formed by the solidification of a chemical and having a highly regular atomic structure
flake, snowflake - a crystal of snow
gemstone, gem, stone - a crystalline rock that can be cut and polished for jewelry; "he had the gem set in a ring for his wife"; "she had jewels made of all the rarest stones"
twins - (mineralogy) two interwoven crystals that are mirror images on each other
ice, water ice - water frozen in the solid state; "Americans like ice in their drinks"
solid - matter that is solid at room temperature and pressure
2.crystal - a crystalline element used as a component in various electronic devices
constituent, element, component - an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system; "spare components for cars"; "a component or constituent element of a system"
crystal counter - a counter tube in which an ionizing event increases conductivity
crystal detector - a detector consisting of a fine wire in contact with a galena crystal; acts as a rectifier
crystal microphone - a microphone in which sound waves vibrate a piezoelectric crystal that generates a varying voltage
crystal pickup - a cartridge in which an output voltage is produced by the vibration of a piezoelectric crystal
piezoelectric crystal - a crystal that can be used as a transducer
3.crystal - a rock formed by the solidification of a substance; has regularly repeating internal structure; external plane faces
crystallite - any of numerous minute rudimentary crystalline bodies of unknown composition found in glassy igneous rock
rock, stone - a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter; "he threw a rock at me"
4.crystal - colorless glass made of almost pure silicacrystal - colorless glass made of almost pure silica
natural glass - magma of any composition that cooled very rapidly
silica, silicon dioxide, silicon oxide - a white or colorless vitreous insoluble solid (SiO2); various forms occur widely in the earth's crust as quartz or cristobalite or tridymite or lechatelierite
5.crystal - glassware made of quartz
glassware, glasswork - an article of tableware made of glass
6.crystal - a protective cover that protects the face of a watch
protective cover, protective covering, protection - a covering that is intend to protect from damage or injury; "they had no protection from the fallout"; "wax provided protection for the floors"
watch, ticker - a small portable timepiece

crystal

noun
Related words
fear chrystallophobia
Translations
بَلُّوربِلَّوْرقريتقريسنَوع من الزُّجاج
krystalkřišťál
krystal
kristallikide
kristal
kristály
kristall
クリスタル水晶
수정
aiškiai suformuluoticukruotikristalaskristaliniskristalinis rutulys
kristāls
cristal
krištáľové sklokryštál
kristalkristalen
ledac
kristall
แก้วเจียระไน
pha lêtinh thể

crystal

[ˈkrɪstl]
A. Ncristal m
quartz/rock crystalcristal de roca
B. ADJ (= clear) [water, lake] → cristalino
C. CPD [glass, vase] → de cristal
crystal ball Nbola f de cristal
crystal set N (Rad) → receptor m de cristal

crystal

[ˈkrɪstəl]
n
(= glass) → cristal m
(= mineral) → cristal m
(CHEMISTRY)cristal m
modif [glass, bowl, chandelier] → de cristalcrystal ball nboule f de cristalcrystal-clear [ˌkrɪstəlˈklɪər] adj
[water] → clair(e) comme le cristal; [sound] → cristallin(e)
(= obvious) [message, explanation] → clair(e) comme de l'eau de roche

crystal

n (Chem, Rad) → Kristall m; (on watch) → (Uhr)glas nt; (= crystal glass)Kristall nt; (= quartz)(Quarz)kristall m
adj
(= crystalline)Kristall-, kristallin; (= like a crystal)kristallartig; (= crystal-glass)Kristall-, kristallen; (= quartz)Quarzkristall-
(fig) waterskristallklar, glasklar

crystal

:
crystal ball
nGlaskugel f; I don’t have a crystal (inf)ich bin (doch) kein Hellseher; you didn’t see that in your crystal, did you? (inf)das hast du wohl nicht vorausgesehen?
crystal-ball gazer
nHellseher(in) m(f)
crystal-ball gazing
nHellseherei f
crystal-clear
adj (lit, fig)glasklar, völlig klar, vollständig klar
crystal detector
n (Rad) → Kristalldetektor m
crystal gazer
nHellseher(in) m(f)
crystal gazing
nHellseherei f
adj all these crystal-gazing so-called expertsalle diese sogenannten Experten, die aus dem Kaffeesatz wahrsagen
crystal lattice
nKristallgitter nt

crystal

:
crystal meth
n (inf: = drug) → Thai-Pille f
crystal set
n (Rad) → Detektorempfänger m
crystal therapy
nEdelsteintherapie f

crystal

[ˈkrɪstl]
1. n (gen) → cristallo; (watch glass) → vetro
2. adj (glass, vase) → di cristallo; (clear, water, lake) → cristallino/a

crystal

(ˈkristl) noun
1. a small part of a solid substance (eg salt or ice) which has a regular shape.
2. a special kind of very clear glass. This bowl is made of crystal.
ˈcrystalline (-lain) adjective
(of minerals etc) formed into crystals. Salt is a crystalline substance.
ˈcrystallize, ˈcrystallise verb
1. to form (into) crystals. He crystallized the salt from the sea water.
2. to cover with a coating of sugar crystals. crystallized fruits.
3. to make or become definite or clear. He tried to crystallize his ideas.
ˌcrystalliˈzation, ˌcrystalliˈsation noun
crystal ball
a glass ball used in fortune-telling.
crystal clear
absolutely clear. My instructions were crystal clear.

crystal

بَلُّور krystal krystal Kristall κρύσταλλο cristal kristalli cristal kristal cristallo 水晶 수정 kristal krystall kryształ cristal кристалл kristall แก้วเจียระไน kristal pha lê 水晶

crys·tal

n. cristal, vidrio.

crystal

n cristal m; (fam, methamphetamine) metanfetamina, cristal (fam)
References in classic literature ?
Inward they turned upon the soul, especially when the still mild hours of eve came on; then, memory shot her crystals as the clear ice most forms of noiseless twilights.
The commerce of Lucerne consists mainly in gimcrackery of the souvenir sort; the shops are packed with Alpine crystals, photographs of scenery, and wooden and ivory carvings.
Another cope was of green velvet, embroidered with heart-shaped groups of acanthus-leaves, from which spread long-stemmed white blossoms, the details of which were picked out with silver thread and coloured crystals.
The mixture, which was at first of a reddish hue, began, in proportion as the crystals melted, to brighten in colour, to effervesce audibly, and to throw off small fumes of vapour.
On a throne hung with clouds sat the Frost-King; a crown of crystals bound his white locks, and a dark mantle wrought with delicate frost-work was folded over his cold breast.
You behold another phase of his passion, a fury bejewelled with stars, mayhap bearing the crescent of the moon on its brow, shaking the last vestiges of its torn cloud-mantle in inky-black squalls, with hail and sleet descending like showers of crystals and pearls, bounding off the spars, drumming on the sails, pattering on the oilskin coats, whitening the decks of homeward-bound ships.
When the curtain rises on the reader, the Judge is seen walking up and down the apartment, with a tender melancholy in his air, and his child reclining on a settee, with a flushed cheek, and her dark eyes seeming to float in crystals.
I grabbed the back of the nearest piece of furniture and the splendour of marbles and mirrors, of cut crystals and carvings, swung before my eyes in the golden mist of walls and draperies round an extremely conspicuous pair of black stockings thrown over a music stool which remained motionless.
I seated myself in his armchair and warmed my hands before his crackling fire, for a sharp frost had set in, and the windows were thick with the ice crystals.
Upon this river-brink they lingered till the fog began to close round them--which was very early in the evening at this time of the year--settling on the lashes of her eyes, where it rested like crystals, and on his brows and hair.
The bare vaulting of trees along the Mall was ceiled with lapis lazuli, and arched above snow that shone like splintered crystals.
Where portions of the meadow had sunk, and where other portions had been broken up like an ice-floe, the cavernous openings of the one, and the ragged upturned edges exposed by the other, were hung with a lace-work of soft-tinted crystals of sulphur that changed their deformities into quaint shapes and figures that were full of grace and beauty.