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 (tĕs′ə-fŏn′, tē′sə-)
An ancient city of central Iraq on the Tigris River southeast of Baghdad. As the residence of Parthian kings it was renowned for its splendor. The Arabs captured and plundered the city in 637.


(Placename) an ancient city on the River Tigris about 100 km (60 miles) above Babylon. First mentioned in 221 bc, it was destroyed in the 7th and 8th centuries ad


(ˈtɛs əˌfɒn)

a ruined city in Iraq, on the Tigris, near Baghdad: an ancient capital of Parthia.
References in classic literature ?
In their soft glances I see what men strove to realize in some Versailles, or Paphos, or Ctesiphon.
And just in time thou com'st to have a view Of his great power; for now the Parthian king In Ctesiphon hath gathered all his host Against the Scythian, whose incursions wild Have wasted Sogdiana; to her aid He marches now in haste.
During The Time Of The Sassanid Empire, From The 3rd Century To The 7th, The Major Part Of Iraq Was Called The Heart Of Iran', And Its Metropolis Ctesiphon - Not Far From Present-Day Baghdad, Which Functioned As Such For More Than 800 Years
For instance, according to al-Tabari, when the Muslims conquered Ctesiphon they captured a statue embellished with precious stones.
In the south, sheltered from Islamic State depredation but still damaged by years of conflict and theft, lie Babylon -- site of Nebuchadnezzar's Hanging Gardens -- Ur, birthplace of the Biblical patriarch Abraham, and the imperial capitals of Arab and Iranian empires in Samarra, Baghdad and Ctesiphon.
They won a commercial treaty and agreements with the Byzantine and Ctesiphon.
While Duke Ellington smoked a hookah at Ctesiphon in Iraq, Louis Armstrong would be marching the saints up Gaza's Pyramids under the close scrutiny of the Sphinx as well as that of his jealous wife Lucille.
founder of the democracy: AESCHINES, Against Ctesiphon, in AESCHINES 250
At one point he swears to March on Ctesiphon, "reduce it to ruins, and give ever single Sassanid's wife and daughter to the equerries and cameleers to do with them as they please.
It was located close to the royal road which linked Istakhr and Firuzabad with Ctesiphon and in contrast to Firuzabad, had a rectangular grid plan measuring 1.
In Islam's early seventh century the Middle East was divided between two great rival empires, the Bzantium, successor to the Roman Empire with its capitol in Constantinople, and Iran, beginning in the third Century under rule of the Sasanid dynasty, its capital at Ctesiphon, today's Baghdad.
He has been commissioned by the government to reconstruct the statue, a modernist brick monument modeled on the ancient arch of Ctesiphon south of Baghdad, and is working on the preliminary blueprints.