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A comprehensive reform movement in China initiated by Mao Zedong in 1966 to eliminate counterrevolutionary elements in the country's institutions and leadership. It was characterized by political zealotry, purges of intellectuals, and social and economic chaos.
(Historical Terms) (in China) a mass movement (1965–68), in which the youthful Red Guard played a prominent part. It was initiated by Mao Tse-tung to destroy the power of the bureaucrats and to revolutionize the attitudes and behaviour of the people. Also called: Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution
a political movement in China (1966–69) launched by Mao Zedong to restore revolutionary zeal.
[translation of Chinese wénhuà gémìng]
1965–68 A Chinese youth-led mass movement inspired by Mao Zedong to change popular ideology. It wrecked many lives and cultural institutions.
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|Noun||1.||Cultural Revolution - a radical reform in China initiated by Mao Zedong in 1965 and carried out largely by the Red Guard; intended to eliminate counterrevolutionary elements in the government it resulted in purges of the intellectuals and socioeconomic chaos|
revolution - a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving; "the industrial revolution was also a cultural revolution"