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An ancient town of Babylonia northwest of Babylon. It was the site of a battle (401 bc) in which Artaxerxes II of Persia defeated his brother Cyrus the Younger, leading to the Retreat of the Ten Thousand described by Xenophon in his Anabasis.


(Placename) the site near the lower Euphrates where Artaxerxes II defeated Cyrus the Younger in 401 bc


(kyuˈnæk sə)

an ancient town in Babylonia, near the Euphrates: site of defeat of Cyrus the Younger by Artaxerxes II in 401 b.c.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Cunaxa - battle in 401 BC when the Artaxerxes II defeated his younger brother who tried to usurp the throneCunaxa - battle in 401 BC when the Artaxerxes II defeated his younger brother who tried to usurp the throne
Babylonia, Chaldaea, Chaldea - an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king)
References in periodicals archive ?
Despues de la batalla de Cunaxa, en la que murio Ciro, se produjo la retirada de los griegos en las condiciones que conocemos bien por la propia obra de Jenofonte.
The story is set at the height of the Persian Empire, and the Persians who populate it have a secure basis in Achaemenid history: King Artaxerxes II (405-359 BCE) is the ruler who figures in Xenophon's Anabasis, whose brother, Cyrus the Younger, rebelled against him and lost his life at the Battle of Cunaxa in 401 BCE; he was the ruler whose health was cared for by Ctesias of Cindus, who worked as a royal physician at the Persian court.
Xenophon rested his 10,000 mercenary Greek troops there on their way back to Athens after the defeat and death of Cyrus of Persia in far-off Cunaxa in 401 B.
But after moving inland and fighting the Battle of Cunaxa, the Greek army, led by Xenophon, an officer and writer who accompanied the mercenaries and then recorded their trials in the famous work The Anabasis, finds itself stranded--and begins a dangerous journey through enemy territory in Kurdistan and the Armenian mountains during winter to return home by way of the Black Sea.
The army covered long distances until a major battle was fought at Cunaxa, near Babylon (close to present-day Baghdad).
In retrospect, it becomes clear that at one level the overall structure of the novel reflects a proportional inversion of Xenophon's narrative: the Anabasis gives us a brief and relatively easy anabasis occupying a single book followed by a grueling katabasis of six books, with the battle of Cunaxa acting as a hinge between the two unequal parts; (8) Callirhoe, by contrast, presents its readers with a grueling anabasis that comprises most of the narrative followed by a brief and easy return journey, with the culminating battle between the Persian king on one side and the Egyptian king and Chaereas on the other joining the two parts.
Though Cyrus's mixed army fought to a tactical victory at Cunaxa in Babylon (401 BC), Cyrus himself was killed in the battle, rendering the actions of the Greeks irrelevant.
1-4), Artaxerxes II subjected a Persian soldier to the ordeal of the troughs for revealing how Cyrus the Younger died in the battle of Cunaxa.
The death of Cyrus made useless the victory of Cunaxa near Babylon.
There are some interesting ideas in this book, especially about the Battle of Cunaxa, where the Greek mercenaries easily routed the Persians.
9) Following the battle of Cunaxa, where Cyrus was killed by the forces of his older brother Antaxerxes II, the real journey of the Greeks began, as their worst fears were realized with the death of their sponsor.