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 (dĕf′ər-əns, dĕf′rəns)
Submission or courteous respect given to another, often in recognition of authority. See Synonyms at honor.


1. submission to or compliance with the will, wishes, etc, of another
2. courteous regard; respect
[C17: from French déférence; see defer2]


(ˈdɛf ər əns)

1. respectful yielding to the opinion, will, etc., of another: in deference to her wishes.
2. respectful or courteous regard.
[1640–50; < French déférence < Middle French defer(er) to defer2]



after you, my dear Alphonse This popular catch phrase is the first half of the complete expression “After you, my dear Alphonse—no, after you, my dear Gaston.” It first appeared in the Hearst (King Features) comic strip Happy Hooligan written by F. Opper. The strip ran throughout the 1920s and for part of the 1930s. The characters Alphonse and Gaston were two extremely debonair Frenchmen who were so polite that they would jeopardize themselves in times of danger by taking the time to courteously ask each other to go first. Today, when two people go to do the same thing at the same time, one might humorously say to the other, “After you, my dear Alphonse.”

cap in hand Submissively; with a deferential air or manner. The phrase alludes to the image of a rustic or servant who self-consciously and humbly takes off his cap and holds it, usually against his chest, while speaking to someone of higher social status.

give the wall To yield the safest place; to allow another to walk on the walled side of a street. This expression is derived from an old custom which compelled pedestrians to surrender the safer, inner path bordering a roadway to a person of higher social rank. Modern social etiquette still requires a man to walk on the streetside of a female when walking along a sidewalk. A related expression, take the wall, describes the adamant perambulator who assumes the safer path closer to the wall. The inevitable friction between “givers” and “takers” is discussed by James Boswell in his Journal of a Tour of the Hebrides (1773):

In the last age … there were two sets of people, those who gave the wall, and those who took it; the peaceable and the quarrelsome.… Now it is fixed that every man keeps to the right; or, if one is taking the wall, another yields it, and it is never a dispute.

strike sail See SUBMISSION.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.deference - a courteous expression (by word or deed) of esteem or regarddeference - a courteous expression (by word or deed) of esteem or regard; "his deference to her wishes was very flattering"; "be sure to give my respects to the dean"
civility, politeness - the act of showing regard for others
homage, court - respectful deference; "pay court to the emperor"
last respects - the act of expressing respect for someone who has died; "he paid his last respects by standing quietly at the graveside"
props - proper respect; "I have to give my props to the governor for the way he handled the problem"
2.deference - courteous regard for people's feelings; "in deference to your wishes"; "out of respect for his privacy"
good manners, courtesy - a courteous manner
3.deference - a disposition or tendency to yield to the will of others
agreeability, agreeableness - a temperamental disposition to be agreeable



1. The quality or state of willingly carrying out the wishes of others:
2. Great respect or high public esteem accorded as a right or as due:
إذعان،نُزول عِنْد إرادةإعْتِبار، إحْتِرام، تَبْجيل
ohledpoddání sepodřízenostpodrobení seúcta
virîingvirîing, tillitssemi
poddanie sa
hürmethürmet etmesaygısaygı duyma


[ˈdefərəns] Ndeferencia f, respeto m
out of or in deference to sb/sb's agepor deferencia or respeto a algn/la edad de algn


[ˈdɛfərəns] ndéférence f, égards mpl
out of deference to, in deference to → par déférence pour, par égards pour


nAchtung f, → Respekt m; out of or in deference toaus Achtung (dat)or Respekt (dat)vor; with all due deference to youbei aller schuldigen Achtung or allem schuldigen Respekt Ihnen gegenüber


[ˈdɛfrns] ndeferenza, riguardo
out of or in deference to → per riguardo a


(diˈfə) past tense, past participle deˈferred verb
(with to) to act according to the wishes or opinions of another or the orders of authority. I defer to your greater knowledge of the matter.
deference (ˈdefərəns) noun
1. willingness to consider the wishes etc of others. He always treats his mother with deference.
2. the act of deferring.
in deference to
showing respct for. I let him speak first, in deference to his authority.
deˈferment, deˈferral noun
1. delaying; postponement.
2. officially sanctioned postponement of compulsory military service. draft deferment for college students.
References in periodicals archive ?
Consistent with their obligation to give effect to legislative intent, if, by reference to the relevant statutory provisions, it can plausibly be inferred that the practical justifications [for deference] influenced the decision to delegate power, courts ought to look to [these reasons] in determining the appropriate degree of curial deference to accord to delegated decision-makers.
Even conceding that our notions of what is permitted to government actors have been significantly altered by the enactment and entrenchment of the Charter", (65) the majority holds that "absent specific Charter language to the contrary, the long history of curial deference to the independence of the legislative body cannot be lightly set aside".
69) Rather, the majority considers that the Charter applies to legislative assemblies, and that the tradition of curial deference should be applied only to the exercise of inherent privileges, on the grounds that those privileges have constitutional status and that to do otherwise would go against the basic rule "that one part of the Constitution cannot be abrogated or diminished by another part of the Constitution".