cyclotron

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cyclotron

cy·clo·tron

 (sī′klə-trŏn′)
n.
A circular particle accelerator in which charged subatomic particles generated at a central source are accelerated spirally outward in a plane perpendicular to a fixed magnetic field by an alternating electric field. A cyclotron is capable of generating particle energies between a few million and several tens of millions of electron volts.

cyclotron

(ˈsaɪkləˌtrɒn)
n
(Atomic Physics) a type of particle accelerator in which the particles spiral inside two D-shaped hollow metal electrodes placed facing each other under the effect of a strong vertical magnetic field, gaining energy by a high-frequency voltage applied between these electrodes

cy•clo•tron

(ˈsaɪ kləˌtrɒn, ˈsɪk lə-)

n.
an accelerator in which particles move in spiral paths in a magnetic field.
[1930–35; cyclo- + -tron]
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cyclotron
An alternating electric field attracts the particles from one side of the cyclotron to the other. The cyclotron's magnetic field, generated by the two electromagnets, bends each particle's path into a horizontal spiral, forcing it to accelerate in order to keep up with the alternating electric field. When the particle reaches its peak acceleration it is released to collide with the desired target.

cy·clo·tron

(sī′klə-trŏn′)
A device that accelerates charged subatomic particles, such as protons and electrons, in an outwardly spiraling path, greatly increasing their energies. Cyclotrons are used to bring about high-speed particle collisions in order to study subatomic structures. Compare linear accelerator.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cyclotron - an accelerator that imparts energies of several million electron-volts to rapidly moving particles
atom smasher, particle accelerator, accelerator - a scientific instrument that increases the kinetic energy of charged particles
bevatron - a cyclotron that accelerates protons up to several billion electron volts
synchrocyclotron - cyclotron that achieves relativistic velocities by modulating the frequency of the accelerating electric field
synchrotron - cyclotron in which the electric field is maintained at a constant frequency
Translations
cyklotron

cyclotron

[ˈsaɪklətrɒn] Nciclotrón m

cyclotron

[ˈsaɪkləˌtrɒn] nciclotrone m
References in periodicals archive ?
ANSTOs Radionuclide Metrology group will launch a mobile calibration service pilot project for Australian cyclotrons that produce short-lived PET radiopharmaceuticals, such as F-18 FDG (fluorodeoxyglucose).
He also elaborated on Iran's cyclotron accelerators, and said, "We have one cyclotron and plan to purchase another one too, but we are now working to build our own cyclotrons as well.
Cyclotrons are critical to the manufacturing process for positron emission tomography (PET) molecular imaging agents, one of the fastest-growing areas of nuclear medicine.
Most of the resulting investigations are focusing on the prospects of cyclotrons to supply all the necessary isotopes, including the prized [sup.
Due to its short half-life FDG has to be produced every day in cyclotrons and be delivered to the clinics.
Radioactive elements are generated by particle accelerators known as cyclotrons.
CTI Molecular Imaging (Knoxville, TN), in a joint effort with Scot Forge (Spring Grove, IL) recently met both of these requirements by converting a cast component to a forging in the production of steel rings and hubs for its Eclipse Cyclotrons.
Recently these cyclotrons have been coupled in tandem, greatly increasing the beam intensity for exploring rare exotic isotopes.
These cyclotrons will focus on isotopes used in Positron Emission Tomography (PET), Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) and Therapy by virtue of their respective energies.
The achievement marks the end of the cyclotrons three-year capital project and the beginning of its operational life as a supplier of radioisotopes for Saskatchewan patients.
While the former two groups intend to produce isotopes using cyclotrons, the latter two submitted proposals using a less familiar linear accelerator-based technology.
To compete with cyclotrons, however, the new accelerators need larger lasers.