# cylinder

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Related to Cylinders: Gas cylinders
cylinder
To calculate the volume of a right circular cylinder, multiply the area of the base by the altitude.

## cyl·in·der

(sĭl′ən-dər)
n.
1. Mathematics
a. The surface generated by a straight line intersecting and moving along a closed plane curve, the directrix, while remaining parallel to a fixed straight line that is not on or parallel to the plane of the directrix.
b. The portion of such a surface bounded by two parallel planes and the regions of the planes bounded by the surface.
c. A solid bounded by two parallel planes and such a surface, especially such a surface having a circle as its directrix.
2. A cylindrical container or object.
3. Engineering
a. The chamber in which a piston of a reciprocating engine moves.
b. The chamber of a pump from which fluid is expelled by a piston.
4. The rotating chamber of a revolver that holds the cartridges.
5. Any of several rotating parts in a printing press, especially one that carries the paper.
6. Archaeology A cylindrical stone or clay object with an engraved design or inscription.

[Latin cylindrus, from Greek kulindros, from kulindein, to roll.]

## cylinder

(ˈsɪlɪndə)
n
1. (Mathematics) a solid consisting of two parallel planes bounded by identical closed curves, usually circles, that are interconnected at every point by a set of parallel lines, usually perpendicular to the planes. Volume base area × length
2. (Mathematics) a surface formed by a line moving round a closed plane curve at a fixed angle to it
3. any object shaped like a cylinder
4. (General Engineering) the chamber in a reciprocating internal-combustion engine, pump, or compressor within which the piston moves. See also cylinder block
5. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) the rotating mechanism of a revolver, situated behind the barrel and containing cartridge chambers
6. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) printing any of the rotating drums on a printing press
7. (Archaeology) Also called: cylinder seal a cylindrical seal of stone, clay, or precious stone decorated with linear designs, found in the Middle East and Balkans: dating from about 6000 bc
8. (Building) Also called: hot-water cylinder Brit a vertical cylindrical tank for storing hot water, esp an insulated one made of copper used in a domestic hot-water system
9. firing on all cylinders working or performing at full capability
vb
(Mechanical Engineering) (tr) to provide (a system) with cylinders
[C16: from Latin cylindrus, from Greek kulindros a roller, from kulindein to roll]

## cyl•in•der

(ˈsɪl ɪn dər)

n.
1. a surface or solid bounded by two parallel planes and generated by a straight line moving parallel to the given planes and tracing a curve bounded by the planes and lying in a plane perpendicular or oblique to them.
2. any cylinderlike object or part, whether solid or hollow.
3. the rotating part of a revolver, containing the chambers for the cartridges.
4. a cylindrical chamber in a pump in which a piston slides to move or compress a fluid.
5. a cylindrical chamber in an engine in which the pressure of a gas or liquid moves a sliding piston.
6. (in printing presses)
a. a rotating cylinder that produces the impression and under which a flat form to be printed from passes.
b. either of two cylinders, one carrying a curved form or plate to be printed from, that rotate against each other in opposite directions.
7. a cylindrical device in a lock that retains the bolt until tumblers have been pushed out of its way.
8. a cylindrical or barrel-shaped stone or clay object with inscriptions or carvings, worn by the Babylonians, Assyrians, and kindred peoples as a seal or amulet.
v.t.
9. to furnish with a cylinder or cylinders.
10. to subject to the action of a cylinder.
[1560–70; < Latin cylindrus < Greek kýlindros roller, cylinder, akin to kylíndein to roll]
cylinder
The volume (V) of a cylinder can be calculated using the following equation: V = πr2h.

## cyl·in·der

(sĭl′ən-dər)
A three-dimensional surface or solid object bounded by a curved surface and two parallel circles of equal size at the ends. The curved surface is formed by all the line segments joining corresponding points of the two parallel circles.

## cylinder

Past participle: cylindered
Gerund: cylindering

Imperative
cylinder
cylinder
Present
I cylinder
you cylinder
he/she/it cylinders
we cylinder
you cylinder
they cylinder
Preterite
I cylindered
you cylindered
he/she/it cylindered
we cylindered
you cylindered
they cylindered
Present Continuous
I am cylindering
you are cylindering
he/she/it is cylindering
we are cylindering
you are cylindering
they are cylindering
Present Perfect
I have cylindered
you have cylindered
he/she/it has cylindered
we have cylindered
you have cylindered
they have cylindered
Past Continuous
I was cylindering
you were cylindering
he/she/it was cylindering
we were cylindering
you were cylindering
they were cylindering
Past Perfect
Future
I will cylinder
you will cylinder
he/she/it will cylinder
we will cylinder
you will cylinder
they will cylinder
Future Perfect
I will have cylindered
you will have cylindered
he/she/it will have cylindered
we will have cylindered
you will have cylindered
they will have cylindered
Future Continuous
I will be cylindering
you will be cylindering
he/she/it will be cylindering
we will be cylindering
you will be cylindering
they will be cylindering
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been cylindering
you have been cylindering
he/she/it has been cylindering
we have been cylindering
you have been cylindering
they have been cylindering
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been cylindering
you will have been cylindering
he/she/it will have been cylindering
we will have been cylindering
you will have been cylindering
they will have been cylindering
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been cylindering
you had been cylindering
he/she/it had been cylindering
we had been cylindering
you had been cylindering
they had been cylindering
Conditional
I would cylinder
you would cylinder
he/she/it would cylinder
we would cylinder
you would cylinder
they would cylinder
Past Conditional
I would have cylindered
you would have cylindered
he/she/it would have cylindered
we would have cylindered
you would have cylindered
they would have cylindered
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
 Noun 1 cylinder - a solid bounded by a cylindrical surface and two parallel planes (the bases)roll - anything rolled up in cylindrical formroller - a cylinder that revolvessolid - a three-dimensional shape 2 cylinder - a surface generated by rotating a parallel line around a fixed linebrake drum, drum - a hollow cast-iron cylinder attached to the wheel that forms part of the brakesshank - cylinder forming the part of a bit by which it is held in the drillshank - cylinder forming the part of a bolt between the thread and the headshank, stem - cylinder forming a long narrow part of somethingstalactite - a cylinder of calcium carbonate hanging from the roof of a limestone cavestalagmite - a cylinder of calcium carbonate projecting upward from the floor of a limestone caveround shape - a shape that is curved and without sharp anglesbarrel, drum - a bulging cylindrical shape; hollow with flat endspipe, tube - a hollow cylindrical shape 3 cylinder - a chamber within which piston movespiston chamberbrake cylinder, hydraulic brake cylinder, master cylinder - a cylinder that contains brake fluid that is compressed by a pistonchamber - a natural or artificial enclosed spacecompressor - a mechanical device that compresses gassescylinder block, engine block, block - a metal casting containing the cylinders and cooling ducts of an engine; "the engine had to be replaced because the block was cracked"intake valve - a valve that controls the flow of fluid through an intakepump - a mechanical device that moves fluid or gas by pressure or suction 4 cylinder - a cylindrical container for oxygen or compressed airaqualung, Aqua-Lung, scuba - a device (trade name Aqua-Lung) that lets divers breathe under water; scuba is an acronym for self-contained underwater breathing apparatuscontainer - any object that can be used to hold things (especially a large metal boxlike object of standardized dimensions that can be loaded from one form of transport to another)
Translations
أُسْطُوَانةأسطوانَهسيلندر السيّارهوَعاء عَلى شَكْل أسطوانه
válecbomba
cylindertankbeholder
cilindro
lieriösylinteri
cilindar
henger
hólkur, hylkisílinder, strokkur; vals, valti, keflisívalningur

원통
cilindrascilindro formos
balonscilindrs
cilindercylinder
valjbomba
cylinder
ทรงกระบอก
hình trụ

## cylinder

[ˈsɪlɪndəʳ]
A. N
1. (= shape) →
2. (Tech) →
a 6-cylinder engineun motor de 6 cilindros
to fire on all cylindersemplearse a fondo, dar el do de pecho
B. CPD cylinder block N
cylinder capacity N
cylinder head gasket Njunta f de culata

## cylinder

[ˈsɪlɪndər] n
(= shape) →
(= container) [gas, oxygen] →
(in engine, machine)cylinder block ncylinder capacity ncylinder head ncylinder-head gasket njoint m de culassecylinder vacuum cleaner naspirateur-traîneau m

## cylinder

n (Math, Aut) → Zylinder m; (of revolver, typewriter)Walze f; a four-cylinder carein Vierzylinder m, → ein vierzylindriges Auto; to be firing on all cylinders (lit)auf allen Zylindern laufen; (fig)in Fahrt sein; he’s only firing on two cylinders (fig)er bringt nicht seine volle Leistung

## cylinder

:
cylinder block
n (Aut) → Zylinderblock m
cylinder capacity
n (Aut) → Hubraum m
n (Aut) → Zylinderkopf m
n (Aut) → Zylinderkopfdichtung f

## cylinder

[ˈsɪlɪndəʳ] ncilindro
a 6-cylinder engine → un motore a 6 cilindri
to fire on all four cylinders → avere tutti e quattro i cilindri in azione (fig) → andare a tutto gas

## cylinder

(ˈsilində) noun
1. a solid shape or object with a circular base and top and straight sides.
2. any of several pieces of machinery of this shape, solid or hollow. The brake cylinder of his car is leaking.
3. a container in the shape of a cylinder. two cylinders of oxygen.
shaped like a cylinder. A beer-can is cylindrical.

## cylinder

válec cylinder lieriö cilindar 円筒 원통 cylinder ทรงกระบอก hình trụ

## cyl·in·der

n. cilindro.
1. émbolo de una jeringa;
2. forma geométrica semejante a una columna.

## cylinder

n cilindro
References in classic literature ?
Though true cylinders without --within, the villanous green goggling glasses deceitfully tapered downwards to a cheating bottom.
When one is reading in bed, and lays his paper-knife down, he cannot find it again if it is smaller than a saber; that hat was as stubborn as any paper-knife could have been, and we finally had to give it up; but we found a fragment that had once belonged to an opera-glass, and by digging around and turning over the rocks we gradually collected all the lenses and the cylinders and the various odds and ends that go to making up a complete opera-glass.
The servants cut our bread into cones, cylinders, parallelograms, and several other mathematical figures.
The Sphere would willingly have continued his lessons by indoctrinating me in the conformation of all regular Solids, Cylinders, Cones, Pyramids, Pentahedrons, Hexahedrons, Dodecahedrons, and Spheres: but I ventured to interrupt him.
He stood up and opened a large drawer, in which were arranged in order a number of hollow cylinders of metal covered with dark wax, and said,
It seemed that, at the moment that the enormous narwhal had come to take breath at the surface of the water, the air was engulfed in its lungs, like the steam in the vast cylinders of a machine of two thousand horse-power.
Around the room were retorts, tubes, cylinders, crucibles, and other apparatus of chemical research.
When I passed outside, however, and pressed down the levers which controlled it, I knew at once by the whishing sound that there was a slight leakage, which allowed a regurgitation of water through one of the side cylinders.
The most difficult and dangerous part of the journey was accomplished at last, and it was with relief that I felt my fingers close about the lowest of the stone cylinders.
I rushed into his room, and returned with a little tin of tiny cylinders done up like miniature crackers in scraps of calico; the spent youth broke one in his handkerchief, in which he immediately buried his face.
He bore hard on his mitten, and from under it rolled little cylinders, like maccaroni.
In this corner stands a flat writing-table, on which are a phonograph, a laryngoscope, a row of tiny organ pipes with a bellows, a set of lamp chimneys for singing flames with burners attached to a gas plug in the wall by an indiarubber tube, several tuning-forks of different sizes, a life-size image of half a human head, showing in section the vocal organs, and a box containing a supply of wax cylinders for the phonograph.

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