Wales(redirected from Cymru / Wales)
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A principality of the United Kingdom west of England on the island of Great Britain. Incorporated with England since the Act of Union (1536), Wales has maintained its own distinct culture and a strong nationalist sentiment. Cardiff is the capital and the largest city.
Word History: Although Celtic-speaking peoples were living in Britain long before the arrival of the invaders from Friesland and Jutland whose languages would eventually develop into English, it was the Celts and not the invaders who came to be called "strangers" in Old English. The English words for the descendants of one of these Celtic peoples, Welsh, and for their homeland, Wales, come from the Old English word wealh, meaning "foreigner, stranger, Celt." Its plural wealas is the direct ancestor of Wales, literally "foreigners, Celts." An Old English adjective derived from wealh, wælisc or welisc, is the source of our Welsh. The Germanic form for the root from which wealh descended was *walh-, "foreign." A form of *walh- can also be seen in a word attested once in the surviving manuscripts of Old English, the compound walhhnutu found in a document from around 1050. This word eventually became Middle English walnotte and Modern English walnut, which is thus literally the "foreign nut." The English walnut is native to Asia (and perhaps also to some parts of Eastern Europe), and the cultivation of the tree is a relatively new practice in Europe. The Roman author Pliny the Elder, for example, says that the ancient Greeks received their first walnut trees from the Persians. Eventually, the walnut came to be cultivated extensively in western Europe by the Romans and Gauls, and the ancient Germanic peoples knew walnuts primarily as a product of Roman Gaul and later medieval France. In the Germanic languages, the walnut eventually came to be named with words made up of the reflex of Germanic *walh-, "foreigner, Celt" added to the Germanic word for "nut,"—as in Old Norse valhnot, Middle Dutch walnote, and Old English walhhnutu.
(Placename) a principality that is part of the United Kingdom, in the west of Great Britain; conquered by the English in 1282; parliamentary union with England took place in 1536: a separate Welsh Assembly with limited powers was established in 1999. Wales consists mainly of moorlands and mountains and has an economy that is chiefly agricultural, with an industrial and former coal-mining area in the south. Capital: Cardiff. Pop: 3 063 456 (2011 est). Area: 20 768 sq km (8017 sq miles). Welsh name: Cymru Medieval Latin name: Cambria
(Biography) Jimmy (Donal). born 1966, US internet entrepreneur and educator; co-founder (2001) of the open-source online encyclopedia Wikipedia
a division of the United Kingdom, in SW Great Britain. 2,886,400; 8018 sq. mi. (20,768 sq. km). Medieval, Cambria.
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|Noun||1.||Wales - one of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; during Roman times the region was known as Cambria|
Britain, Great Britain, U.K., UK, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland - a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland; `Great Britain' is often used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom
Aberdare - a mining town in southern Wales
Bangor - a university town in northwestern Wales on the Menai Strait
Cardiff - the capital and largest city of Wales
Newport - a port city in southeastern Wales
Sealyham - a village in southwestern Wales where the Sealyham terrier was first bred
Swansea - a port city in southern Wales on an inlet of the Bristol Channel
Menai Strait - a strait in northern Wales between Anglesey Island and the mainland
River Severn, Severn, Severn River - a river in England and Wales flowing into the Bristol Channel; the longest river in Great Britain
Amaethon - the farmer god; ancient god of agriculture
Arawn - Celtic deity who was the lord of Annwfn (the other world or the land of fairies)
Don - Celtic goddess; mother of Gwydion and Arianrhod; corresponds to Irish Danu
Dylan - Celtic god of the waves; son of Arianrhod
Gwyn - Celtic underworld god
Llew Llaw Gyffes - son of Gwydion and Arianrhod; supported by magic of Gwydion; cursed by Arianrhod
LLud - a Celtic warrior god
Llyr - Celtic deity who was the father of Manawydan; corresponds to Irish Lir