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Any of numerous often small freshwater fishes of the family Cyprinidae, which includes the minnows, carps, and shiners.

[From New Latin Cyprīnidae, family name, from Cyprīnus, type genus, from Latin cyprīnus, carp, from Greek kuprīnos, perhaps from kupros, henna (from the fish's color ), probably from a Semitic source akin to Hebrew kōper, henna; see kpr in Semitic roots.]

cyp′ri·nid adj.


(sɪˈpraɪnɪd; ˈsɪprɪnɪd)
(Animals) any teleost fish of the mainly freshwater family Cyprinidae, typically having toothless jaws and cycloid scales and including such food and game fishes as the carp, tench, roach, rudd, and dace
1. (Animals) of, relating to, or belonging to the Cyprinidae
2. (Zoology) resembling a carp; cyprinoid
[C19: from New Latin Cyprīnidae, from Latin cyprīnus carp, from Greek kuprinos]


(ˈsɪp rə nɪd)

1. any of the freshwater fishes of the family Cyprinidae, including carps, minnows, bream, chub, and dace.
2. carplike in form or structure.
[1890–95; < New Latin Cyprinidae=Cyprīn(us) genus name (Latin: carp < Greek kyprînos) + -idae -id2]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cyprinid - soft-finned mainly freshwater fishes typically having toothless jaws and cycloid scales
cypriniform fish - a soft-finned fish of the order Cypriniformes
Cyprinidae, family Cyprinidae - a family of fish including: carp; tench; roach; rudd; dace
carp - any of various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae
tench, Tinca tinca - freshwater dace-like game fish of Europe and western Asia noted for ability to survive outside water
dace, Leuciscus leuciscus - small European freshwater fish with a slender bluish-green body
chub, Leuciscus cephalus - European freshwater game fish with a thick spindle-shaped body
shiner - any of numerous small silvery North American cyprinid fishes especially of the genus Notropis
Rutilus rutilus, roach - European freshwater food fish having a greenish back
rudd, Scardinius erythrophthalmus - European freshwater fish resembling the roach
minnow, Phoxinus phoxinus - very small European freshwater fish common in gravelly streams
Gobio gobio, gudgeon - small slender European freshwater fish often used as bait by anglers
Carassius auratus, goldfish - small golden or orange-red freshwater fishes of Eurasia used as pond or aquarium fishes
Carassius carassius, Carassius vulgaris, crucian carp - European carp closely resembling wild goldfish
Adj.1.cyprinid - of or relating to members of fish family Cyprinidae
References in periodicals archive ?
On the basis of usage of fishmeal in aquaculture it can be further segmented into marine fish, salmon and trout, tilapias, cyprinids, eels, crustaceans and others.
Other fish species such as the cyprinids Scarlet Shiner (Lythrurus fasciolaris), Striped Shiner (Luxilus chrysocephalus) and Stoneroller (Campostoma oligolepis) and the centrarchids Spotted Bass (Micropterus punctulatus) and Redbreast Sunfish (Lepomis auritus) were commonly observed and netted in Limestone Creek.
Although population dynamics of cyprinids have not been well studied, the high economic significance of a strong minnow foundation in the food web is critical for stability in the Western basin (Hubbs and others 2004).
We discount the possibility of fish predation on juvenile razorback suckers, after they exceeded the gape limitation of the three small cyprinids present in the wetland, because we never encountered any other fish species despite extensive sampling by multiple methods.
The increasing length is a species-specific phenomenon; cyprinids, pike or perch do not show the same development.
Compare to other cyprinids, the larval development of Mesopotamichthys sharpeyi is similar to other Mesopota-michthys species.
Eels, Cyprinids, and Other Freshwater Fishes (includes
and other cyprinids by crossbreeding, hybridization and selection.
Comparative studies on the scales and on the pharyngeals and their teeth in Chinese Cyprinids, with particular reference to taxonomy and evolution.
Identification of microsatellite loci for parentage analysis in roach Rutilus rutilus and 8 other cyprinid fish by cross-species amplification, and a novel test for detecting hybrids between roach and other cyprinids.
This confirms the tendency pointed by Whittington and Chong (2007) that, of more than 4,000 freshwater ornamental fishes on sale, poeciliids (guppies, platies, mollies, swordtails) and cyprinids (carps, goldfishes, barbs) are the most popular among aquarists throughout the world.
This has made identification of some species difficult, particularly certain cyprinids with similar meristic and morphometric characters and for which pigmentary features are critical for proper identification.