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Any of numerous often small freshwater fishes of the family Cyprinidae, which includes the minnows, carps, and shiners.

[From New Latin Cyprīnidae, family name, from Cyprīnus, type genus, from Latin cyprīnus, carp, from Greek kuprīnos, perhaps from kupros, henna (from the fish's color ), probably from a Semitic source akin to Hebrew kōper, henna; see kpr in Semitic roots.]

cyp′ri·nid adj.


(sɪˈpraɪnɪd; ˈsɪprɪnɪd)
(Animals) any teleost fish of the mainly freshwater family Cyprinidae, typically having toothless jaws and cycloid scales and including such food and game fishes as the carp, tench, roach, rudd, and dace
1. (Animals) of, relating to, or belonging to the Cyprinidae
2. (Zoology) resembling a carp; cyprinoid
[C19: from New Latin Cyprīnidae, from Latin cyprīnus carp, from Greek kuprinos]


(ˈsɪp rə nɪd)

1. any of the freshwater fishes of the family Cyprinidae, including carps, minnows, bream, chub, and dace.
2. carplike in form or structure.
[1890–95; < New Latin Cyprinidae=Cyprīn(us) genus name (Latin: carp < Greek kyprînos) + -idae -id2]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cyprinid - soft-finned mainly freshwater fishes typically having toothless jaws and cycloid scales
cypriniform fish - a soft-finned fish of the order Cypriniformes
Cyprinidae, family Cyprinidae - a family of fish including: carp; tench; roach; rudd; dace
carp - any of various freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae
tench, Tinca tinca - freshwater dace-like game fish of Europe and western Asia noted for ability to survive outside water
dace, Leuciscus leuciscus - small European freshwater fish with a slender bluish-green body
chub, Leuciscus cephalus - European freshwater game fish with a thick spindle-shaped body
shiner - any of numerous small silvery North American cyprinid fishes especially of the genus Notropis
Rutilus rutilus, roach - European freshwater food fish having a greenish back
rudd, Scardinius erythrophthalmus - European freshwater fish resembling the roach
minnow, Phoxinus phoxinus - very small European freshwater fish common in gravelly streams
Gobio gobio, gudgeon - small slender European freshwater fish often used as bait by anglers
Carassius auratus, goldfish - small golden or orange-red freshwater fishes of Eurasia used as pond or aquarium fishes
Carassius carassius, Carassius vulgaris, crucian carp - European carp closely resembling wild goldfish
Adj.1.cyprinid - of or relating to members of fish family Cyprinidae
References in periodicals archive ?
In case of this study, the upper Elbe River basin is dominated by shoaling cyprinids (Prchalova et al.
Furthermore, on some cyprinids such as common carp, an additional WGD (the 4R WGD) has been hypothesized to have occurred during the evolution (Wang et al.
As a result, the earlier LWR study with negative allometric growth for some freshwater cyprinids (b=2.
Reproductive ecology, habitat associations, and population dynamics of two imperiled cyprinids in a great plains river.
shalynius is extremely low when compared to other cyprinids such as Rasbora daniconius (Nagendran, Shakuntala, Natarajan, & Vasan, 1981), whose fecundity ranged from 580 to 11 040 eggs.
Conservation initiatives aimed at protecting populations of the two larger cyprinids (fish species) in the catchment, namely the Clanwilliam yellowfish and sawfin are being implemented.
Although the effect of P levels on P digestibility has not yet been reported for goldfish, we can assume that the same physiological mechanism may be present in the cyprinids.
I have seen similar growths on Koi and carp, sometimes referred to as 'carp pox', caused by a herpes virus specific to cyprinids though other fish families have their own versions.
One such invader, the Asian fish tapeworm, Bothriocephalus acheilognathi Yamaguti, 1934 (Cestoda: Bothriocephalidea), was imported from East Asia to Europe and the Americas during the 1960s and 1970s with herbivorous cyprinids, predominantly grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), to control growth of aquatic vegetation in freshwater ecosystems (Hoffman 1999, Williams and Jones 1994, Choudhury and Cole 2012).
On the basis of usage of fishmeal in aquaculture it can be further segmented into marine fish, salmon and trout, tilapias, cyprinids, eels, crustaceans and others.