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An island country in the eastern Mediterranean Sea south of Turkey. Site of an ancient Neolithic culture, the island was settled by Phoenicians c. 800 bc and thereafter fell successively to the Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians, Macedonian Greeks, and finally Romans (58 bc). The Byzantines controlled it from ad 395 until 1191, when it was captured by Richard I of England during the Third Crusade. Venice annexed it in 1489, Turkey conquered it in 1571, and Great Britain annexed it in 1914. Cyprus became independent in 1960, but large-scale fighting between Greek and Turkish Cypriots led to the installment of a UN peacekeeping force in 1964. In 1974 Turkey invaded Cyprus and established a de facto independent Turkish state in the northern part of the island. Nicosia is the capital of Cyprus and the largest city.
(Placename) an island in the E Mediterranean: ceded to Britain by Turkey in 1878 and made a colony in 1925; became an independent republic in 1960 as a member of the Commonwealth; invaded by Turkey in 1974 following a Greek-supported military coup, leading to the partition of the island. In 1983 the Turkish-controlled northern sector declared itself to be an independent state as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus but failed to receive international recognition. Attempts by the UN to broker a reunification agreement have failed. Cyprus joined the EU in 2004. The UK maintains two enclaves as military bases (Akrotiri and Dhekelia Sovereign Base Areas), which are not included in Cyprus politically. Languages: Greek and Turkish. Religions: Greek Orthodox and Muslim. Currency: euro and Turkish lira. Capital: Nicosia. Pop (Greek): 838 897 (2011 est); (Turkish): 265 100 (2006 est). Area: 9251 sq km (3571 sq miles)
an island republic in the Mediterranean, S of Turkey: formerly a British colony; independent since 1960. 754,064; 3572 sq. mi. (9250 sq. km). Cap.: Nicosia.
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|Noun||1.||Cyprus - a country on the island of Cyprus; 80% of the people are of Greek origin and 20% or Turkish origin|
enosis - the union of Greece and Cyprus (which is the goal of a group of Greek Cypriots)
Cyprus - an island in the eastern Mediterranean
|2.||Cyprus - an island in the eastern Mediterranean|
Cyprus, Republic of Cyprus - a country on the island of Cyprus; 80% of the people are of Greek origin and 20% or Turkish origin
Cyprus[ˈsaɪprəs] N → Chipre f
n → Zypern nt