DNA polymerase

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DNA polymerase

n.
Any of various enzymes that function in the replication and repair of DNA by catalyzing the linking of dATP, dCTP, dGTP, and dTTP in a specific order, using single-stranded DNA as a template.

DNA polymerase


n.
any of a class of enzymes involved in synthesizing DNA from precursor molecules.
[1960–65]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.DNA polymerase - the enzyme responsible for DNA replication
polymerase - an enzyme that catalyzes the formation of new DNA and RNA from an existing strand of DNA or RNA
Translations
ADN polymérase
References in periodicals archive ?
DNA polymerases used for sequencing do not distinguish between dNTPs and ddNTPs, and will thus incorporate the ddNTP forms at a stochastic rate determined purely by their abundance relative to the native dNTP forms.
Objective: DNA polymerases (DNA Pols) make various decisions during DNA replication.
DNA polymerases have generally low bypass efficiencies at abasic sites (36), preventing amplification of DNA templates with abasic sites (37).
The extreme importance of thermo-stable DNA polymerases for biotechnology has propelled the increasing interest in seeking and characterization of new DNA polymerases of Thermophiles.
All dividing cells contain one or more high-fidelity DNA polymerases that are responsible for accurate replication of the genome.
Later chapters highlight aspects such as the light-harvesting apparatus in purple photosynthetic bacteria, function and modeling of DNA polymerases, information processing by ribosomes, and protein kinases.
The error rates for natural base pairing by proofreading-deficient DNA polymerases (without 3'-exonuclease activity) range from [10.
The DNA polymerases contained in Kapa Biosystems' reagents have been engineered through a process of molecular evolution and possess unique amino acid modifications that confer dramatic improvements to the function of the enzymes, the company said.
57) From the beginning, it was recognised that a heat-stable DNA polymerase would be an almost invaluable asset; (55) the discovery of and the isolation of thermo-stable DNA polymerases, such as from Thermus aquaticus (Taq polymerase), eliminated this tedious and repetitive step.
Tell your students that DNA replication involves enzymes, called DNA polymerases, which add additional nucleotides only at the 3' end of the growing strand.