His ancestors probably made landfall in Britain in the centuries of the Anglo-Saxon invasions, or in the later coming of the men known as Danes whose warbands established kingdoms in the east of England in what became the Danelaw
The historical era in which the language contact situation in question took place is the time period between the 8th and 11th centuries, which forms part of an epoch known as the Viking Age, during which raiding Norsemen conquered rather vast areas in Europe, and also ruled over the Eastern and North-Eastern parts of England, known as the territory of the Danelaw
One looks in vain for a detailed historical scenario like that persuasively argued elsewhere by Williams for the Vale of York hoard (found in 2007), which is explained in the context of upheavals following Athelstan's conquest of the Danelaw
in AD 927.
Mr Whitehead, who has been playing the accordion since his schooldays, has his own music group, The Danelaw
Dance Band, and performs at various events and functions in the UK and abroad.
Members, above, danced to the music of Robert Whitehead and the Danelaw
Band from Northumberland.
Then she tours the island, discussing local peculiarities and larger similarities in such areas as London and southeastern England, the South Danelaw
, the West Midlands and Yorkshire, and Normandy.
King Alfred repelled the Viking advances and entered into a treaty by which the Vikings could rule areas of northeastern England north of a line called the Danelaw
, with the further requirement that the Viking King Guthrun become a Christian.
Only last week pensioner Geoff Fawcett, 73, from Danelaw
, Great Lumley, near Chester-le-Street, told how he was conned out of pounds 300 when he thought he had landed a pounds 700,000 Spanish lottery windfall.
There, under the influence of the independent attitudes of the Danelaw
, a quasi-legal system inherited from the Vikings, the first real class of "freemen" was able to thrive, giving rising to so-called "English individualism," which C.
Paula Scott, 48, who rides mother Ariel and Laura Green, 14, who rides son Danelaw
Aquavit, or Billy for short, have qualified for the Royal London Horse Show at Grantham in September.
46 Of the five key fortified towns of the Viking Danelaw
, four became English county towns - Leicester, Lincoln, Nottingham and Derby.
This eastern area of England came to be known as the Danelaw
, but Guthrum and the other chiefs recognized Alfred as their overlord.