The first auditor whom Messire Miles d'Isliers, doctor in decretals, saw arrive every Monday morning, all breathless, at the opening of the gates of the school of the Chef-Saint-Denis, was Claude Frollo.
From the "Master of Sentences," he had passed to the "Capitularies of Charlemagne;" and he had devoured in succession, in his appetite for science, decretals upon decretals, those of Theodore, Bishop of Hispalus; those of Bouchard, Bishop of Worms; those of Yves, Bishop of Chartres; next the decretal of Gratian, which succeeded the capitularies of Charlemagne; then the collection of Gregory IX.
Penyafort is better known as editor of the Liber extra, a collection of papal decretals
that formed part of the Corpus iuris canonici, which governed the regulation of the Catholic Church until 1917.
84) <<The marriage decretals
must be seen for what they were: twenty years of responding to some of the most intricate and bewildering situations that human beings could get themselves into (.
Christopher de Hamel identified the parchment layers' first use as a Bolognese manuscript of the decretals
of Gregory IX from approximately 1300, with a gloss, and the paper layer is coarse and blank.
32) The phony text was inserted into the False Decretals
(discussed below) and upon "the end of the ninth century and during the tenth, extracts from the false decretals
begin to be included in canon law collections.
See also Hartmann & Pennington: The History of Medieval Canon Law in the Classical Period, 1140-1234: From Gratian to the Decretals
of Pope Gregory LX, (CUA Press, 2008),p.
This volume attempts, and succeeds in, a fresh investigation of what have been the traditional areas of inquiry: the schism (Alexander faced three antipopes supported by Frederick Barbarossa), the quarrel with Barbarossa, the Becket controversy, the efficacy of a papacy when the pope was almost never in Rome, and the decretals
(over seven hundred of them
that much faster and also insured that edicts, decretals
, and letters
These included decretals
, capitularies, and chancery records as well as chronicles, religious texts, art, and poetry.
Two years after the council Dollinger published Fables Respecting the Popes in the Middle Ages (1872), where he showed how leading clergy had been misled by the Donation of Constantine, the Pseudo-Isidorian Decretals
, and other forgeries to make unhistorical and untrue claims for the papacy.
In the False Decretals
by Pseudo-Isidore, one finds a forged letter of Pope Fabian of Rome (236-250).