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1. An officer in command of ten men in the army of ancient Rome.
2. A member of a municipal senate in ancient Rome that ran local government.

[Latin decuriō, from decuria, group of ten men, administrative body of ten families, from *decu-viria : decem, ten; see dekm̥ in Indo-European roots + vir, man; see wī-ro- in Indo-European roots.]


(in the Roman Empire) n
1. (Historical Terms) a local councillor
2. (Military) the commander of a troop of ten cavalrymen
[C14: from Latin decuriō, from decuria company of ten, from decem ten]


(dɪˈkyʊər i ən)

1. a commander of ten men in the ancient Roman cavalry.
2. a member of an ancient Roman senate.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin decuriō=decuri(a) a division of ten]
References in periodicals archive ?
Il est egalement remarquable que la curie ou salle de reunion des decurions, occupant le milieu du cote ouest de la place, n'ait ete en relation directe ni avec les temples ni avec la basilique malgre ce qui avait ete ecrit (67).
Although this ordinance has been determined using the simultaneous method, in the same text, in Article 11, on discipline, also announced, 'The teacher will choose among the most assiduous, intelligent and better conduct students, some decurions who could help him in various exercises' (LEIS E REGULAMENTOS .
1) Les officiers subalternes de ce rang servant dans les unites auxiliaires ont ete negliges, et il en va de meme des decurions.
The previous three Decurions - the boss man - had mysteriously disappeared.
The Church, for instance, became responsible for the treatment of prisoners and the return of people enslaved or imprisoned abroad, while Valentinian III recruited decurions in a bid to enforce the law on tomb violations--a law for the most part disregarded by the conniving and venal governors.
First, the local form of government, with magistrates and decurions, patterned on that of the Roman Republic--the Carthaginian senate voting among other matters on the disposition of honorific statues to men of eminence like Apuleius.
Since both magistrates and decurions were members of wealthy families, Rome rule had reinforced the development of local hereditary aristocracies.
Milites in Roman law belonged to the privileged segment of society, the honestiores (as distinct from the unprivileged humiliores), which also included veterans, senators, equ estrians, decurions, and certain types of judges and magistrates.
the number of decurions or the upper financial limits of the jurisdiction of the local courts.
Likewise, an inscription from Thignica, a small town in the region of Thugga, attests to two men who were decurions of Carthage as well as priests of Aesculapius (CIL VIII 15205).
Even centurions, who are so prominent in Luke-Acts, received a mustering-out pay of 25,000 denarii, which was the minimum required for decurions in provincial cities, and could thereby join the local elite.
2) It is also found among decurions and even equestrians, but not senators.