And in this chapter I want to tell you about one of our first real journalists, Daniel Defoe.
Defoe was a journalist first, though by nature ever a story-teller.
Why Daniel, who prided himself on being a true-born Englishman, Frenchified his name by adding a "De" to it we do not know, and he was over forty before he changed plain Foe into Defoe.
But Defoe did not become a minister; perhaps he felt he was unsuited for such solemn duty.
When Defoe left school he went into the office of a merchant hosier.
Happier than many of his comrades, Defoe succeeded in escaping death or even punishment.
By this time Defoe had begun to write, and was already known as a clever author.
To show how wrong persecution was, Defoe wrote a little pamphlet which he called The Shortest Way with the Dissenters.
For having written "a scandalous and seditious pamphlet" Defoe was condemned to pay a large fine, to stand three times in the pillory, and to be imprisoned during the Queen's pleasure.
But for Defoe it was a triumph rather than a punishment.
Ambrose would have suggested Defoe
, Maupassant, or some spacious chronicle of family life, Rachel chose modern books, books in shiny yellow covers, books with a great deal of gilding on the back, which were tokens in her aunt's eyes of harsh wrangling and disputes about facts which had no such importance as the moderns claimed for them.
The 'History of the Devil,' by Daniel Defoe
,--not quite the right book for a little girl," said Mr.