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prim·er 1

1. An elementary textbook for teaching children to read.
2. A book that covers the basic elements of a subject.

[Middle English, devotional manual, from Norman French, from Medieval Latin prīmārium, from neuter of prīmārius, first, from Latin, from prīmus; see prime.]

prim·er 2

1. A cap or tube containing a small amount of explosive used to detonate the main explosive charge of a firearm or mine.
2. An undercoat of paint or size applied to prepare a surface, as for painting.
3. Genetics A segment of DNA or RNA that is complementary to a given DNA sequence and that is needed to initiate replication by DNA polymerase.


1. (Education) an introductory text, such as a school textbook
2. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) printing See long primer, great primer
[C14: via Anglo-Norman from Medieval Latin primārius (liber) a first (book), from Latin prīmārius primary]


1. a person or thing that primes
2. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) a device, such as a tube containing explosive, for detonating the main charge in a gun, mine, etc
3. (Chemistry) a substance, such as paint, applied to a surface as a base, sealer, etc
Also called (for senses 2, 3): priming
[C15: see prime (vb)]


(ˈprɪm ər; esp. Brit. ˈpraɪ mər)

1. an elementary book for teaching children to read.
2. any book of elementary principles.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin prīmārium, n. use of neuter of prīmārius primary]


(ˈpraɪ mər)

1. one that primes.
2. a cap, cylinder, etc., that supplies a compound for igniting a charge of powder.
3. a first coat of paint, size, etc., given to any surface as a base, sealer, or the like.
4. a short piece of DNA added to one end of a strand of DNA in order to define the portion to be copied.


A book used to teach children to read, or one that covers the basics of a subject.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.primer - an introductory textbookprimer - an introductory textbook    
school text, schoolbook, text edition, textbook, text - a book prepared for use in schools or colleges; "his economics textbook is in its tenth edition"; "the professor wrote the text that he assigned students to buy"
speller - an introductory textbook to teach spelling
hornbook - a primer that provides instruction in the rudiments or basic skills of a branch of knowledge
2.primer - any igniter that is used to initiate the burning of a propellant
detonating fuse - a fuse containing an explosive
igniter, ignitor, lighter, light - a device for lighting or igniting fuel or charges or fires; "do you have a light?"
safety fuse - a slow-burning fuse consisting of a tube or cord filled or saturated with combustible matter; used to ignite detonators from a distance
time-fuse - a fuse made to burn for a given time (especially to explode a bomb)
3.primer - the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surfaceprimer - the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surface
coat of paint - a layer of paint covering something else
couch - a flat coat of paint or varnish used by artists as a primer
كِتاب يُعْطي الأسُسمادّة الأساس قبل الدّهان
podkladslabikářúvodzákladní příručka
grunnurkennslubók handa byrjendum
základná príručka
astartemel bilgiler kitabı


[ˈpraɪməʳ] N
1. (= textbook) → manual m básico
a French primerun manual básico de francés, un manual de francés elemental
2. (= basic reader) → abecedario m
3. (= paint) → pintura f base, imprimación f
4. [of bomb] → iniciador m


[ˈpraɪmər] n
(= paint) → apprêt m
(= book) → manuel m d'introductionprime rate ntaux m préférentielprime time
n (on TV, radio)prime time m, heures fpl de grande écoute, heure f de grande écoute
adj [programme, public] → de prime time


(= paint)Grundierfarbe f, → Grundierung f; (= coat)Grundierung f, → Grundieranstrich m
(esp Sch: = book) → Elementarbuch nt, → Anfangslehrbuch nt, → Fibel f
(= explosive)Zündhütchen nt, → Treibladungszünder m


[ˈpraɪməʳ] n
a. (textbook) → testo elementare
b. (paint) → vernice f base inv


(praim) verb
to prepare (something) by putting something into or on it. He primed (=put gunpowder into) his gun; You must prime (=treat with primer) the wood before you paint it.
ˈprimer noun
1. a book that gives basic information about a subject.
2. a substance put on a surface to prime it before painting.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nested degenerate primer pairs were also designed and focused on the most conserved region of the L gene of all currently known filoviruses (online Technical Appendix Table 2).
The nucleotide sequences of the degenerate primer pairs used to isolate pal gene fragments were:
A 3' RACE strategy using a degenerate primer targeting a conserved region illustrated by a sequence alignment of multiple CRH genes was utilized to isolate CRH from Masu salmon.
The species-specific markers require only conventional PCR (with degenerate primer sequences) which is readily available, rapid and inexpensive for molecular identification of species in question.
An M13 sequence tag was added to the 5x end of each degenerate primer and was used for sequencing.
The degenerate primer set we used here was originally developed by Ito et al.
Evaluation of a degenerate primer for the PCR detection of human caliciviruses.
For difficult or unknown targets, a new strategy for barcoding primer design is to couple multiple degenerate primers into a single primer cocktail with strategic placement of the nucleoside inosine, which pairs with A, C, and T.
DNA from a novel herpesvirus was amplified from lung tissue by polymerase chain reaction by using degenerate primers derived from conserved avian herpesvirus sequences.
A fragment of 1,323 bp [DELTA]-6 desaturase cDNA was amplified by PCR using a pair of degenerate primers P1 and P2 designed on the basis of the predicted [DELTA]-6 desaturase gene sequence (XM421053) from GenBank.