Della Crusca

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Del´la Crus´ca

1.A shortened form of Accademia della Crusca, an academy in Florence, Italy, founded in the 16th century, especially for conserving the purity of the Italian language.
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In many ways, the only surprising aspect of Robinson's involvement with the Della Cruscans or The World is that it took her so long--until the autumn of 1788--to make her first verse forays into that fashionable circle.
See John Mark Longaker, The Della Cruscans and William Gifford (Philadelphia: U of Pennsylvania P, 1924) 44; Roy Benjamin Clark, William Gifford: Tory Satirist, Critic, and Editor (New York: Columbia UP, 1930) 36-80; W.
Extremely popular in the 1780s, like the Pre-Raphaelites, the Della Cruscans purported to speak of and from an earlier time, and like the Pre-Raphaelites, they were accused of affectation.
The original Della Cruscans were a group of witty and learned conversationalists in sixteenth-century Florence.
Newly charged with feminine overtones, it provided Gifford with a powerful metaphor of marginalization that would prove indispensable in his crusade against the Della Cruscans.
The Della Cruscans owe their name to one of the main contributors, Robert Merry.
Satire, he argued, was both that against which romanticism ("countersatire") defined itself and also, as a device useful in deflecting ridicule from romanticism's vulnerable self (against the infinitely scapegoatable Della Cruscans, among others), that which aligned the romantics with the antagonists they and their scapegoats had in common.
Their eleven essays discuss satire of British consumer culture, satiric attacks upon the Della Cruscans, satire of interracial and especially black female sexuality, William Wordsworth's treatment at the hands of critics and parodists, correction and self-correction in Jane Austen, children's chapbook verse about bugs, the sympathetic verse satire of Jane Taylor, Intercepted Letters (1813) and The Fudge Family in Paris (1818), the jujitsu tactics of "hacker satire," an American barber's verse advertisements, and pantomime.
His diverting series of chapters (on Fanciphobia, the Della Cruscans, "cheerfulness," "expiration," boxing, and Romantic anthologies) suggests these influences and more.
Robinson's book is a virtual anthology of close readings and freshly chosen texts in the Della Cruscan, Huntian, Hemansian veins and more.
In her introductory chapter, for example, Fay has some very suggestive things to say about the Della Cruscans and the influence of the culture of sensibility on the Wordsworths.
In the luxuriant, self-dramatizing posturings of the Della Cruscans, for instance, they discovered ways both to mask and promote their professional ambition.