demiurge

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dem·i·urge

 (dĕm′ē-ûrj′)
n.
1. A powerful creative force or personality.
2. A public magistrate in some ancient Greek states.
3. Demiurge A deity in Gnosticism, Manichaeism, and other religions who creates the material world and is often viewed as the originator of evil.
4. Demiurge A Platonic deity who orders or fashions the material world out of chaos.

[Late Latin dēmiurgus, from Greek dēmiourgos, artisan : dēmios, public (from dēmos, people; see dā- in Indo-European roots) + ergos, worker (from ergon, work; see werg- in Indo-European roots).]

dem′i·ur′geous (-ûr′jəs), dem′i·ur′gic (-jĭk), dem′i·ur′gi·cal (-jĭ-kəl) adj.
dem′i·ur′gi·cal·ly adv.

demiurge

(ˈdɛmɪˌɜːdʒ; ˈdiː-) or

demiurgus

n
1. (Philosophy)
a. (in the philosophy of Plato) the creator of the universe
b. (in Gnostic and some other philosophies) the creator of the universe, supernatural but subordinate to the Supreme Being
2. (Law) (in ancient Greece) a magistrate with varying powers found in any of several states
[C17: from Church Latin dēmiūrgus, from Greek dēmiourgos skilled workman, literally: one who works for the people, from dēmos people + ergon work]
ˌdemiˈurgeous, ˌdemiˈurgic, ˌdemiˈurgical adj
ˌdemiˈurgically adv

dem•i•urge

(ˈdɛm iˌɜrdʒ)

n.
1.
a. (in Platonism) the artificer of the world.
b. (in Gnostic and other systems) a subordinate supernatural being who created the world and is regarded as the creator of evil.
2. (in ancient Greece) a public official or magistrate.
[1590–1600; < Greek dēmiourgós artisan, public official =dḗmio(s) of the people (derivative of dêmos the people) + -orgos, akin to érgon work]
dem`i•ur′gi•cal•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.demiurge - a subordinate deity, in some philosophies the creator of the universe
deity, divinity, god, immortal - any supernatural being worshipped as controlling some part of the world or some aspect of life or who is the personification of a force
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
9) "Demiurgic," the word Coetzee employs to describe a writer in the quote above comes from "demiurge," deriving from Greek demiourgos via ecclesiastical Latin: craftsman.
Such a world-maker must either be a knower of eternal realities like the demiourgos of Plato's Timaeus or it must be the creator ex nihilo of those patterns like the God of Christianity.
Both had, inter alias, (1) theories of endogenous cosmic self-development, as in Epicurean philosophy and familiar to us from Lucretius, on the one hand, and the totally immanent self-originating and self-shaping Dao or Way of Happening in China on the other; and also, alternatively, (2) theories of the shaping of existing matter by some external power like the supernatural demiourgos imagined by Plato which is paralleled by the Chinese Shaping Force or Transformer, the Zaohua, also in the late pre-imperial and early imperial periods.