nucleotide

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nu·cle·o·tide

 (no͞o′klē-ə-tīd′, nyo͞o′-)
n.
Any of a group of compounds consisting of a nucleoside combined with a phosphate group and constituting the units that make up DNA and RNA molecules.

[Alteration of nucleoside.]

nucleotide

(ˈnjuːklɪəˌtaɪd)
n
(Biochemistry) biochem a compound consisting of a nucleoside linked to phosphoric acid. Nucleic acids are made up of long chains (polynucleotides) of such compounds
[C20: from nucleo- + t (added for ease of pronunciation) + -ide]

nu•cle•o•tide

(ˈnu kli əˌtaɪd, ˈnyu-)

n.
any of a group of molecules that, when linked together, form the building blocks of DNA or RNA: in DNA the group comprises a phosphate group, the bases adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine, and a pentose sugar; in RNA the thymine base is replaced by uracil.
[< German Nucleotid (1908)]

nu·cle·o·tide

(no͞o′klē-ə-tīd′)
Any of a group of organic compounds composed of one of several nitrogen bases linked to a sugar and a phosphate group. The nucleic acids DNA and RNA are made up of chains of nucleotides. See Note at DNA.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.nucleotide - a phosphoric ester of a nucleosidenucleotide - a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
base pair - one of the pairs of chemical bases joined by hydrogen bonds that connect the complementary strands of a DNA molecule or of an RNA molecule that has two strands; the base pairs are adenine with thymine and guanine with cytosine in DNA and adenine with uracil and guanine with cytosine in RNA
adenosine monophosphate, adenylic acid, AMP - a nucleotide found in muscle cells and important in metabolism; reversibly convertible to ADP and ATP
adenosine diphosphate, ADP - an ester of adenosine that is converted to ATP for energy storage
adenosine triphosphate, ATP - a nucleotide derived from adenosine that occurs in muscle tissue; the major source of energy for cellular reactions
deoxyadenosine monophosphate, A - one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
deoxycytidine monophosphate, C - one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
deoxyguanosine monophosphate, G - one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
deoxythymidine monophosphate, T - one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)
ester - formed by reaction between an acid and an alcohol with elimination of water
muton - the smallest unit of DNA where a mutation can occur
U, uracil - a base containing nitrogen that is found in RNA (but not in DNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
Translations
nukleotidi
nucléotide
ヌクレオチド
nucleotídeo
nucleotide

nu·cle·o·tide

n. nucleótido, unidad estructural de ácido nucleico.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our research has found that SAMHD1 is able to degrade deoxynucleotides, which are the building blocks required for replication of the virus.
Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase binds to exposed 3'-OH ends of DNA fragments generated in response to apoptotic signals and catalyses the addition of fluorescein-labelled deoxynucleotides.
The BioArray(TM) CGH Labeling System is optimized for the preparation of Cy3 and Cy5 labeled DNA and provides all necessary reagents for random primed labeling, including primers, Klenow DNA polymerase, and Enzo's proprietary Cy3 and Cy5 labeled deoxynucleotides.
In brief, the pooled DNA was digested to generate fragments approximately 50 bp in size, which were then labeled through terminal transfer of biotinylated deoxynucleotides.
Ready-To-Go PCR beads will contain deoxynucleotides, Taq DNA polymerase and PCR buffer to which the researcher adds PCR primers to produce a complete PCR mixture.