deoxyribonucleic acid


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de·ox·y·ri·bo·nu·cle·ic acid

 (dē-ŏk′sē-rī′bō-no͞o-klē′ĭk, -klā′-, -nyo͞o-)
n.
DNA.

deoxyribonucleic acid

(diːˌɒksɪˌraɪbəʊnjuːˈkleɪɪk) or

desoxyribonucleic acid

n
(Biochemistry) the full name for DNA

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid: an extremely long, double-stranded nucleic acid molecule arranged as a double helix that is the main constituent of the chromosome and that carries the genes as segments along its strands: found chiefly in the chromatin of cells and in many viruses.
[1930–35]

de·ox·y·ri·bo·nu·cle·ic acid

(dē-ŏk′sē-rī′bō-no͞o-klē′ĭk)
See DNA.

deoxyribonucleic acid

1. (DNA) A molecule found in a cell nucleus that carries genetic information.
2. (DNA) A nucleic acid in the cell’s chromosomes, which contains the cell’s coded genetic instructions. See gene.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.deoxyribonucleic acid - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helixdeoxyribonucleic acid - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
cistron, gene, factor - (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity; "genes were formerly called factors"
operon - a segment of DNA containing adjacent genes including structural genes and an operator gene and a regulatory gene
biochemistry - the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occurring in organisms; the effort to understand biology within the context of chemistry
base pair - one of the pairs of chemical bases joined by hydrogen bonds that connect the complementary strands of a DNA molecule or of an RNA molecule that has two strands; the base pairs are adenine with thymine and guanine with cytosine in DNA and adenine with uracil and guanine with cytosine in RNA
adenine, A - (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA
cDNA, complementary DNA - single-stranded DNA that is complementary to messenger RNA or DNA that has been synthesized from messenger RNA by reverse transcriptase
episome - DNA that is not incorporated into the genome but is replicated together with the genome (especially in bacterial cells)
cytosine, C - a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine
coding DNA, exon - sequence of a gene's DNA that transcribes into protein structures; "exons are interspersed with introns"
intron, noncoding DNA - sequence of a eukaryotic gene's DNA that is not translated into a protein
junk DNA - stretches of DNA that do not code for genes; "most of the genome consists of junk DNA"
recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid, recombinant DNA - genetically engineered DNA made by recombining fragments of DNA from different organisms
sticky end - an end of DNA in which one strand of the double helix extends a few units beyond the other
jumping gene, transposon - a segment of DNA that can become integrated at many different sites along a chromosome (especially a segment of bacterial DNA that can be translocated as a whole)
guanine, G - a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
nucleic acid - (biochemistry) any of various macromolecules composed of nucleotide chains that are vital constituents of all living cells
polymer - a naturally occurring or synthetic compound consisting of large molecules made up of a linked series of repeated simple monomers
T, thymine - a base found in DNA (but not in RNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
Translations
àcid desoxiribonucleic
deoksiribonukleiinihappo
acide désoxyribonucléique
acido desoxyribonucleic
acido desossiribonucleico
デオキシリボ核酸
deoksiribonukleinine rūgštis
dezoksiribonukleīnskābe
desoxyribonucleïnezuur
kwas dezoksyrybonukleinowy
ácido desoxirribonucléico
acidul dezoxiribonucleic
deoxyribonukleová kyselina
dezoksiribonukleinska kiselinaдезоксирибонуклеинска киселина
deoxiribonukleinsyra

deoxyribonucleic acid

[diːˌɒksɪˌraɪbəʊnjuːˌkleɪɪkˈæsɪd] Nácido m desoxirribonucleico

deoxyribonucleic acid

deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

n ácido desoxirribonucleico (ADN)
References in periodicals archive ?
It is caused by an abnormal joining in bone marrow cells of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequences from two chromosomes that form an altered chromosome (the Philadelphia chromosome), which results in an overproduction of white blood cells.
Research has shown that antioxidant supplements can protect the body's deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) from free radicals and that this might be an important step in the prevention of cancer.
Scientists also obtained deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) samples to determine which variation of the apoE gene was present in each patient.
While researchers are currently focusing on studying microsurgical laser procedures for cutting chromosomes and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), lasers have already found application in oncology, ophthalmology, cosmetic surgery, dentistry, cardiology gynecology, gastroenterology, dermatology, urology, and diagnostics.
The microbes' genes and other deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) are, for research purposes, transferred into other organisms--such as a harmless laboratory strain of Escherichia coli (E.
In particular, they are much more compatible with the theory of an early RNA (ribonucleic acid) world, where early life on Earth was composed of RNA, rather than deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
The class, co-sponsored by OMRF and the Oklahoma District Attorneys Council, provided the prosecutors with a hands-on opportunity to learn about deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), the genetic material that has transformed the criminal justice system.
Telomerase is an enzyme that controls the lengths of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) at the ends of chromosomes, called telomeres.
Tenders are invited for RFP - Probabilistic Genotyping Software Tool for Deoxyribonucleic Acid Interpretation
Biomedical refrigerators and freezers are widely used for storage of biomedical samples such as whole blood, blood components, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), ribonucleic acid (RNA), along with temperature sensitive medicines, vaccines, biological reagents.
ISLAMABAD -- Bioengineers with the University of California at Berkeley have developed a heating and cooling system to significantly shorten the time it takes to obtain deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) results.
According to Edhi Foundation sources, two bodies were handed over to the bereaved families on Tuesday night and four others on Wednesday after their identification with the help of the Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) test.

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