Old Testament

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Old Testament

n.
1. The first of the two main divisions of the Christian Bible, corresponding to the Hebrew Scriptures. See Table at Bible.
2. The covenant of God with Israel as distinguished in Christianity from the dispensation of Jesus constituting the New Testament.

Old Testament

n
(Bible) the collection of books comprising the sacred Scriptures of the Hebrews and essentially recording the history of the Hebrew people as the chosen people of God; the first part of the Christian Bible

Old′ Tes′tament


n.
1. the complete Bible of the Jews, comprising the Law, the Prophets, and the Hagiographa, being the first of the two main divisions of the Christian Bible.
2. the covenant between God and Israel on Mount Sinai, constituting the basis of the Hebrew religion. Ex. 19–24; Jer. 31:31–34; II Cor. 3:6, 14.
[1300–50; Middle English; translation of Late Latin Vetus Testamentum, translation of Greek Palaià Diathḗkē]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Old Testament - the collection of books comprising the sacred scripture of the Hebrews and recording their history as the chosen peopleOld Testament - the collection of books comprising the sacred scripture of the Hebrews and recording their history as the chosen people; the first half of the Christian Bible
golden calf - (Old Testament) an idol made by Aaron for the Israelites to worship; destroyed by Moses; it is now used to refer to anything worshipped undeservedly
laver - (Old Testament) large basin used by a priest in an ancient Jewish temple to perform ritual ablutions
Dead Sea scrolls - (Old Testament) a collection of written scrolls (containing nearly all of the Old Testament) found in a cave near the Dead Sea in the late 1940s; "the Dead Sea Scrolls provide information about Judaism and the Bible around the time of Jesus"
Christian Bible, Good Book, Holy Scripture, Holy Writ, Scripture, Bible, Word of God, Book, Word - the sacred writings of the Christian religions; "he went to carry the Word to the heathen"
Book of Genesis, Genesis - the first book of the Old Testament: tells of Creation; Adam and Eve; the Fall of Man; Cain and Abel; Noah and the flood; God's covenant with Abraham; Abraham and Isaac; Jacob and Esau; Joseph and his brothers
Book of Exodus, Exodus - the second book of the Old Testament: tells of the departure of the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt led by Moses; God gave them the Ten Commandments and the rest of Mosaic law on Mount Sinai during the Exodus
Book of Leviticus, Leviticus - the third book of the Old Testament; contains Levitical law and ritual precedents
Book of Numbers, Numbers - the fourth book of the Old Testament; contains a record of the number of Israelites who followed Moses out of Egypt
Book of Joshua, Josue, Joshua - a book in the Old Testament describing how Joshua led the Israelites into Canaan (the Promised Land) after the death of Moses
Book of Judges, Judges - a book of the Old Testament that tells the history of Israel under the leaders known as judges
Book of Ruth, Ruth - a book of the Old Testament that tells the story of Ruth who was not an Israelite but who married an Israelite and who stayed with her mother-in-law Naomi after her husband died
1 Samuel, I Samuel - the first of two books in the Old Testament that tell of Saul and David
2 Samuel, II Samuel - the second of two books of the Old Testament that tell of Saul and David
1 Kings, I Kings - the first of two Old Testament books telling the histories of the kings of Judah and Israel
2 Kings, II Kings - the second of two Old Testament books telling the histories of the kings of Judah and Israel
Paralipomenon - (Old Testament) an obsolete name for the Old Testament books of I Chronicles and II Chronicles which were regarded as supplementary to Kings
1 Chronicles, I Chronicles - the first of two Old Testament books telling the history of Judah and Israel until the return from the Babylonian Captivity in 536 BC
2 Chronicles, II Chronicles - the second of two Old Testament books telling the history of Judah and Israel until the return from the Babylonian Captivity in 536 BC
Book of Ezra, Ezra - an Old Testament book telling of a rabbi's efforts in the 5th century BC to reconstitute Jewish law and worship in Jerusalem after the Babylonian Captivity
Book of Nehemiah, Nehemiah - an Old Testament book telling how a Jewish official at the court of Artaxerxes I in 444 BC became a leader in rebuilding Jerusalem after the Babylonian Captivity
Book of Esther, Esther - an Old Testament book telling of a beautiful Jewess who became queen of Persia and saved her people from massacre
Book of Job, Job - a book in the Old Testament containing Job's pleas to God about his afflictions and God's reply
Book of Psalms, Psalms - an Old Testament book consisting of a collection of 150 Psalms
Book of Proverbs, Proverbs - an Old Testament book consisting of proverbs from various Israeli sages (including Solomon)
Book of Ecclesiastes, Ecclesiastes - an Old Testament book consisting of reflections on the vanity of human life; is traditionally attributed to Solomon but probably was written about 250 BC
Canticle of Canticles, Canticles, Song of Solomon, Song of Songs - an Old Testament book consisting of a collection of love poems traditionally attributed to Solomon but actually written much later
Book of Isaiah, Isaiah - an Old Testament book consisting of Isaiah's prophecies
Book of Jeremiah, Jeremiah - a book in the Old Testament containing the oracles of the prophet Jeremiah
Book of Lamentations, Lamentations - an Old Testament book lamenting the desolation of Judah after the destruction of Jerusalem in 586 BC; traditionally attributed to the prophet Jeremiah
Book of Ezekiel, Ezechiel, Ezekiel - an Old Testament book containing Ezekiel's prophecies of the downfall of Jerusalem and Judah and their subsequent restoration
Book of Daniel, Book of the Prophet Daniel, Daniel - an Old Testament book that tells of the apocalyptic visions and the experiences of Daniel in the court of Nebuchadnezzar
Translations
Starý zákonNový zákon
Gamle TestamenteNye Testamente
Vanha testamentti
ÓszövetségÓtestamentum
testamenti
Antico Testamento
Stary Testament
《旧约全书》

Old Testament

n the Old Testamentil Vecchio Testamento

testament

(ˈtestəmənt) noun
a written statement especially of what one wants to be done with one's personal property after one dies. This is his last will and testament.
Old Testament, New Testament
the two main parts of the Bible.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Deuterocanonical books of Sirach and Wisdom of Solomon, notes Sophie Ramond, exhibit a higher interest in the themes of law and justice than other wisdom books, such as Job and Qohelet.
Drawn from the Ninth International Conference on the Deuterocanonical Books, oReligion and the Female Body in Ancient East Mediterranean,o held in Budapest, Hungary, in May 2012, the 12 papers in this volume examine different aspects related to the female body in the literature of the Ancient Near East, early Judaism, and Christianity, from the beginning of the first millennium BC to the Renaissance.
This present commentary features articles dealing with each book of the Tanakh, plus the Christian Scriptures, as well as those works known as the Apocrypha or Deuterocanonical books.
They are the so-called deuterocanonical books of the Old Testament (including Tobit, Judith, 1 and 2 Maccabees, Baruch, Wisdom, Sirach, and additions to Esther and Daniel).