disaccharidase

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di·sac·cha·ri·dase

 (dī-săk′ər-ĭ-dăs′, -dāz′)
n.
An enzyme, such as invertase or lactase, that catalyzes the hydrolysis of disaccharides to monosaccharides.

disaccharidase

(daɪˈsækərɪˌdeɪs; daɪˈsækərɪˌdeɪz)
n
a type of digestive enzyme that breaks disaccharides down into monosaccharides
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.disaccharidase - an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of disaccharides into monosaccharides
enzyme - any of several complex proteins that are produced by cells and act as catalysts in specific biochemical reactions
invertase, saccharase, sucrase - an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of sucrose into glucose and fructose
Lactaid, lactase - any of a group of enzymes (trade name Lactaid) that hydrolyze lactose to glucose and galactose
References in periodicals archive ?
Intestinal disaccharidases and some renal enzymes in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats fed sapogenin extract from bitter yam (Dioscorea polygonoides).
Disaccharidases including lactase, sucrase, and maltase overlying the mucosal surface play a vital part in decomposing disaccharides and facilitating mucosa maturation and gut digestive function (Lorenzsonn et al.
Effect of diet upon intestinal disaccharidases and disaccharide absorption.
The pathophysiology involved is the loss of disaccharidases in these areas and the resulting carbohydrate malabsorption which provides excess substrate for microbial growth.
There are no previous reports about how digestive enzyme activity can be affected, mainly those that are an integral part of the intestinal brush border, such as disaccharidases, phosphatases and phytase.
Berberine suppresses intestinal disaccharidases with beneficial metabolic effects in diabetic states, evidences from in vivo and in vitro study.
The mechanism of glucose reduction is likely to be multifactorial, and we suggest the factors related with the decreased activity of mucosal disaccharidases important for further investigation.
Validation results showed the correlation coefficients of the disaccharidases to be 0.
The effect of severe zinc deficiency on activity of intestinal disaccharidases and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase in the rat.
When we eat table sugar (sucrose), disaccharidases in the gut break down that disaccharide into equal parts of fructose and glucose.
Longitudinal study of the human intestinal brush border membrane proteins: distribution of the main disaccharidases and peptidases.
Brush border disaccharidases in dog kidney and their spatial relationship to glucose transport receptors.