disaccharides


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disaccharides

Sugars formed from two monosaccharide molecules, such as lactose, maltose, and sucrose.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs) such as apples, beans, white bread, and milk are poorly absorbed in the small intestine, which can trigger bouts of gas from colonic bacterial fermentation and diarrhea because of osmotic water transfer into the lumen of the colon.
550mg) as an add-on therapy to non-absorbable disaccharides as it can reduce the recurrence of episodes of overt hepatic encephalopathy in patients aged 18 years or older with hepatic cirrhosis.
FODMAP stands for Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides, Monosaccharides And Polyols which are types of carbohydrate that aren't easily broken down and absorbed by the gut.
Thirty Australian patients (mean age, 41 years) with irritable bowel syndrome were randomly assigned to consume a diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols (FODMAPs; less than 0.
Free sugars refer to monosaccharides (such as glucose, fructose) and disaccharides (such as sucrose or table sugar) added to foods and drinks by the manufacturer, cook or consumer, and sugars naturally present in honey, syrups, fruit juices and fruit juice concentrates.
The bulk of disaccharides and starch are broken down by the action of pancreatic and mucosal enzymes in the small intestine, while there are no enzymes capable of cleaving some types of oligosaccharides (i.
Respectively, these substrates are designed to target endochitinases, which hydrolyze the polymer internally into oligosaccharide fragments; chitobiosidases, which release disaccharides from these oligosaccharides; and N-acetylglucosaminidases, which release N-acetylglucosamine residues sequentially from the intact polymer and from oligosaccharide and disaccharide fragments.
Other potential mechanisms of action suggested include the inhibition of digestion of disaccharides, inhibition of [alpha]-glucosidase, insulin-like action and/or insulin sensitisation action, [beta]-cell protection and or stimulate cells to produce more insulin.
FODMAPs is an acronym for fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols, sugars that draw water into the intestinal tract.
FODMAP--an acronym for fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols--are foods that ferment as we digest them, due to their natural sugars.
In 2013, the Australians put 37 patients without celiac on a diet that was low in FODMAPS (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols).