terpene

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Related to Diterpenes: Triterpenes, Sesquiterpenes

ter·pene

 (tûr′pēn′)
n.
Any of various unsaturated hydrocarbons, C10H16, found in essential oils and oleoresins of plants such as conifers and used in organic syntheses.

[Obsolete terp(entine), variant of turpentine + -ene.]

ter·pe′nic adj.
ter′pe·noid′ adj. & n.

terpene

(ˈtɜːpiːn)
n
(Elements & Compounds) any one of a class of unsaturated hydrocarbons, such as the carotenes, that are found in the essential oils of many plants. Their molecules contain isoprene units and have the general formula (C5H8)n
[C19: terp- from obsolete terpentine turpentine + -ene]
terˈpenic adj

ter•pene

(ˈtɜr pin)

n.
1. any of a class of monocyclic hydrocarbons of the formula C10H16, obtained from plants.
2. any of the oxygenated derivatives of this class.
[1870–75; terp(entine), earlier sp. of turpentine + -ene]
ter•pe′nic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.terpene - an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from plants
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
limonene - a liquid terpene with a lemon odor; found in lemons and oranges and other essential oils
References in periodicals archive ?
Background: Abietane diterpenes have attracted much attention because they display a wide range of biological activities, including antitumor activities.
Coffee components called diterpenes may pitch in against cancer as well.
neuroprotection, unsaturated cytotoxicity against polyprenols, a number of human cembranoids, cancer cell lines, a diterpenes nti-H IV activity Mimosa tenuiflora anti-inflammatory, tannins and Willd.
Cafestol and kahweol, two coffee specific diterpenes with anticarcinogenic activity.
On the other hand, Sage are very rich in phenolic compounds, such as flavonoids, phenolic acids and phenolic diterpenes and possess high antioxidant activities [2, 27, 45].
The herb contains diterpenes that may contribute to the antihypertensive effect.
Today it is known that forskolin is produced exclusively by the roots of the species Coleus forskohlii, together with a plethora of different diterpenes, hence its availability is restricted.
5 mg/ml, while 75-77 diterpenes isolated from Pterodon polygalaeflorus exhibited siginificant larvicidal activity at [LC.
These insecticide activities decreased quickly, because their compounds are vegetal molecules belonging to groups of monoterpenes, diterpenes, sesquiterpenes, which are volatile from their photolability (loss of molecular structure due to interaction with light)[2].
On the international front, the Japan Patent Office has awarded Sabinsa a patent for the its water-soluble form of naturally available diterpenes derived from Coleus forskolii.
Its chemical structure contains such compounds as oleoresin, geranial, neral, b-fellandren, sineol, borneol, bisabolen, zingiberen, gingeroles, sogaoles, diterpenes, lypids, protein, starch and vitamins.