terpene

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Related to Diterpenes: Triterpenes, Sesquiterpenes

ter·pene

 (tûr′pēn′)
n.
Any of various unsaturated hydrocarbons, C10H16, found in essential oils and oleoresins of plants such as conifers and used in organic syntheses.

[Obsolete terp(entine), variant of turpentine + -ene.]

ter·pe′nic adj.
ter′pe·noid′ adj. & n.

terpene

(ˈtɜːpiːn)
n
(Elements & Compounds) any one of a class of unsaturated hydrocarbons, such as the carotenes, that are found in the essential oils of many plants. Their molecules contain isoprene units and have the general formula (C5H8)n
[C19: terp- from obsolete terpentine turpentine + -ene]
terˈpenic adj

ter•pene

(ˈtɜr pin)

n.
1. any of a class of monocyclic hydrocarbons of the formula C10H16, obtained from plants.
2. any of the oxygenated derivatives of this class.
[1870–75; terp(entine), earlier sp. of turpentine + -ene]
ter•pe′nic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.terpene - an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from plants
hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
limonene - a liquid terpene with a lemon odor; found in lemons and oranges and other essential oils
References in periodicals archive ?
2012) reported the presence of fatty acids and their esters, aromatic acids, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, triterpenes, and flavonoids among others, on propolis collected from Antioquia.
The biological activity of naturally occurring kaurane diterpenes.
Horehound contains the diterpenes marrubiin and marrubenol; flavanoids, alkaloids, including betonicine, and a volatile oil.
Ent-kaurenes and many natural derivatives of these diterpenes display in vivo significant anti-inflammatory, anti-hypertensive, and diuretic biological effects, as well as in vitro antimicrobial, smooth muscle relaxant, and cytotoxic actions.
In vitro antileishmanial effects of antibacterial diterpenes from two Ethiopian Premna species: P.
The therapeutic potential of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) diterpenes for Alzheimer's disease.
The tests were performed for Alkaloids (Wagner's/Dragendroff's/Hagers test), amino acids (Ninhydrin test), phenols (Ferric chloride test), diterpenes (Copper acetate test), cardiac glycosides (Legals/Kellar-Killiani test) and tannins (Ferric chloride test) (19-21).
The phytoalexins have great diversity, and more than 300 types have been characterized amongst different classes of chemical compounds such as coumarins, diterpenes, flavonoid, alkaloids, phenolic compounds, luteolinidin, apigenidin and apigeninidin (HARBONE, 1999; CALVALCANTE, 2005), these being used as chemical markers in several studies.
11,12) The most common gorgonian corals are diterpenes.
Bioactive brominated diterpenes from the marine red alga Jania Rubens (L.
Dong, Studies on Chemical Constituents of the Leaves of Smallantus sonchifolius (yacon): Structures of Two New Diterpenes, Nat.