dopamine

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Related to Dopaminergic system: Noradrenergic system, Serotonergic system

do·pa·mine

 (dō′pə-mēn′)
n.
A monoamine neurotransmitter formed in the brain by the decarboxylation of dopa and essential to the normal functioning of the central nervous system. A reduction in its concentration within the brain is associated with Parkinson's disease.

dopamine

(ˈdɒpəmɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a chemical found in the brain that acts as a neurotransmitter and is an intermediate compound in the synthesis of noradrenaline. Formula: (HO)2C6H3(CH2)2NH2
[from d(ihydr)o(xy)p(henylethyl)amine]

do•pa•mine

(ˈdoʊ pəˌmin)

n.
a monoamine neurotransmitter that acts within certain brain cells to help regulate movement and emotion.
[1955–60]

dopamine

a neurotransmitter
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dopamine - a monoamine neurotransmitter found in the brain and essential for the normal functioning of the central nervous system; as a drug (trade names Dopastat and Intropin) it is used to treat shock and hypotension
monoamine neurotransmitter - a monoamine that is functionally important in neural transmission
Translations
dopamin
dopamin
dopamiini
dopamine
dopamina
dopamina
dopamin

dopamine

n (Chem) → Dopamin nt

do·pa·mine

n. dopamina, neurotransmisor, sustancia sintetizada por la glándula suprarrenal que aumenta la presión arterial; gen. usada en el tratamiento de choque.

dopamine

n dopamina
References in periodicals archive ?
In Alzheimer's disease (AD), disturbances in the dopaminergic system may explain the high comorbidity of apathy, which ranges from 47% in mild AD to 80% in moderate AD.
The augmented activity of the dopaminergic system in response to exercise initiation appears to be due to an increase in the central levels of calcium, which increases the activity of tyrosine hydroxylase through the activation of the calcium-calmodulin system (64).
10] The mPFC is mainly innervated by dopaminergic nerve fiber projections from the VTA and forms the midbrain cortex dopaminergic system, which controls recognition and thinking ability.
Caffeine increases dopamine levels by slowing down the rate of dopamine reabsorption, and this dysfunction of the dopaminergic system is thought to explain part of the association between caffeine consumption and offspring behavioral disorders," the investigators said.
This article summarizes the current evidence for the involvement of the dopaminergic system for PSD, using both preclinical and clinical models.
Therefore, leptin was shown to be able to modulate the mesolimbic dopaminergic system (32,33).
Characterize the molecular physiology of glucose sensing neurons of the paraventricular thalamus, which modulate the activity of the mesolimbic dopaminergic system to control motivated sucrose-seeking behavior; determine their control by other interoceptive signals, including from glucose sensing cells of the VMN.
Specific drugs noted include those affecting the dopaminergic system, valproic acid, and medications that elevate prolactin.
In fact, most depression and mental illness is preventable at the source by giving babies and children continual warmth and kindness in securely attached low-stress childhoods (thus allowing proper formation of the brain's dopaminergic system which regulates self-soothing), along with proper nutrition, sleep, nature, free play, and protection from screen media that stupefies and sells addiction to junk food, outer beauty, premature sexuality, gaming and pornography.
This supports the hyperactivity-model of feather pecking, suggesting that feather pecking is related to a higher general activity, possibly due to changes in the dopaminergic system.
Changes in neurochemical transmission within the dopaminergic system, especially through dopamine D2 receptors are of critical importance for both emergence of schizophrenia and its current treatment with antipsychotic drugs [7, 8].
Subsequently, the responsible mesolimbic dopaminergic system may also degenerate later than the nigrostriatal system.