dopamine

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do·pa·mine

 (dō′pə-mēn′)
n.
A monoamine neurotransmitter formed in the brain by the decarboxylation of dopa and essential to the normal functioning of the central nervous system. A reduction in its concentration within the brain is associated with Parkinson's disease.

dopamine

(ˈdɒpəmɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a chemical found in the brain that acts as a neurotransmitter and is an intermediate compound in the synthesis of noradrenaline. Formula: (HO)2C6H3(CH2)2NH2
[from d(ihydr)o(xy)p(henylethyl)amine]

do•pa•mine

(ˈdoʊ pəˌmin)

n.
a monoamine neurotransmitter that acts within certain brain cells to help regulate movement and emotion.
[1955–60]

dopamine

a neurotransmitter
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dopamine - a monoamine neurotransmitter found in the brain and essential for the normal functioning of the central nervous system; as a drug (trade names Dopastat and Intropin) it is used to treat shock and hypotension
monoamine neurotransmitter - a monoamine that is functionally important in neural transmission
Translations
dopamin
dopamin
dopamiini
dopamine
dopamina
dopamina
dopamin

dopamine

n (Chem) → Dopamin nt

do·pa·mine

n. dopamina, neurotransmisor, sustancia sintetizada por la glándula suprarrenal que aumenta la presión arterial; gen. usada en el tratamiento de choque.

dopamine

n dopamina
References in periodicals archive ?
Interactions between the serotonergic and dopaminergic systems for determining fatigue
Several studies have supported this idea: deficiency in dopaminergic systems of the putamen and substantia nigra in a postmortem study (4), reversibility of clinical and electrophysiological findings after dopaminergic treatments (5), and functional imaging studies (6) suggest the involvement of the dopaminergic pathways at the level of the brainstem and basal ganglia.
The effects of clozapine on exploratory and anxiety-related behaviors in the neonatal mice administered with MK-801 may explain the potential underlying mechanisms in which dopaminergic systems probably change.
Longitudinal section of the mouse brain (top) and diagram of interactions between the endocannabinoid, GABAergic and dopaminergic systems during voluntary physical exercise (bottom)
The amounts of these ingredients varied according to individualized assessment and responses to the Neurotransmitter Questionnaire (Miller & Miller 2008), which identified potential impairment of serotonergic, endorphinergic, and dopaminergic systems.
And the involvement of the 5-HT receptor subtypes, the noradrenergic and the dopaminergic systems in the effect of FRA in FST were also studied.
In the context of the many research breakthroughs concerning the basal ganglia over the past few years, physiologists, neurologists, and other medical specialists explore interactions between glutamatergic and dopaminergic systems in that region of the brain.
Although dopaminergic systems preferentially innervate frontal brain regions, cognitive deficits in schizophrenia appear to be widespread, involving sensory as well as frontal brain systems.
In ADHD there are low levels of tonic [dopamine], and the abnormalities in [noradrenaline] may affect the maturation of central dopaminergic systems," they wrote.
Oxidation of dopamine to aminochrome as a mechanism for neurodegeneration of dopaminergic systems in Parkinson's disease.
It has been suggested that, in schizophrenia, neurodevelopmental abnormalities of prefrontal dopaminergic systems might result in a state of enhanced vulnerability to sensitisation during late adolescence and early adulthood.