(redirected from Dysthemia)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.


A mood disorder characterized by depressive symptoms that persist for two or more years, sometimes subsiding for short periods of time. Also called persistent depressive disorder.

[New Latin dysthȳmia, from Greek dusthūmiā, despondency : dus-, dys- + -thūmiā, -thymia.]

dys·thy′mic adj.


1. (Psychiatry) the characteristics of the neurotic and introverted, including anxiety, depression, and compulsive behaviour
2. (Psychiatry) obsolete a relatively mild depression
[C19: New Latin, from Greek dusthumia, from dys- + thumos mind]
dysˈthymic adj


extreme anxiety and depression accompanied by obsession. — dysthymic, adj.
See also: Psychology
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.dysthymia - mild chronic depression; "I thought she had just been in a bad mood for thirty years, but the doctor called it dysthymia"
clinical depression, depressive disorder, depression - a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention
References in periodicals archive ?
In fact, a consistently negative outlook that persists for two years or more may indicate the presence of dysthemia, a generally mild but long-term type of depression that is treatable.
In this book I employ current psychological research on major depressive episodes and dysthemia to analyze Bunyan" Greaves announces, adding "This represents a substantive change in my thinking about him.
A milder but more persistent form, dysthemia, may last three years or more and is believed often to be a precursor to major depression.