balbisiana (Figure 3) in low caducifolius forest at the Dzibilchaltun
National Park (figure 4), ca.
Abu Simbel, Egypt * Angkor Wat, Cambodia * Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico * Casa Rinconada, Chaco Canyon, New Mexico * Dzibilchaltun
, Yucatan, Mexico * Easter Island, Chile * Hovenweep National Monument, Utah * Machu Picchu, Peru * Mayapan, Yucatan, Mexico * Pueblo Bonito, Chaco Canyon, New Mexico * Stonehenge, Great Britain * Teotihuacan, Mexico * Uxmal, Yucatan, Mexico
Archaeological evidence on social stratification and commerce in the Maya lowlands: Two mason's tool kits from Muna and Dzibilchaltun
Barely fifteen minutes from the center of town, and still within its municipal limits, is the archaeological site of Dzibilchaltun
, one of the most ancient in the surrounding Maya area.
Just north of Merida, Dzibilchaltun (a mouthful said to mean "Where there is writing on flat stones") has a newly restored main plaza and sacbe--one of the white stone roads that run outward from many Mayan cities and which were perhaps used for ceremonial processions.
Along with creating two complex calendar systems (the calendar round, which measured 52-year cycles, and the long count, whose cycles went for millennia), the Maya were one of only five civilizations in the history of the world to have developed their own written language--often inscribed, at sites such as Dzibilchaltun, on stone slabs called stelae.
For an excellent half-day outing, you can visit recently excavated and restored Dzibilchaltun, 12 miles north of Merida.
500-400 BC at Dzibilchaltun in northern Yucatan (Andrews & Andrews 1980:31 & figures 14-17).
The internal area is similar to those of the Dzibilchaltun and Ceren sweatbaths; Ceren, slightly larger, included the interior firebox.
Visitor centers are planned at four more sites: Labna, Kabah, and Sayil--all near Uxmal--and at Dzibilchaltun
, north of Merida.
For example, dog remains at Tolok constituted less than 1% of the total Preclassic faunal assemblage compared to 7% at Cuello (Wing & Scudder 1991: 88-95) and 34% at Dzibilchaltun
(Wing 1975: 381).