circumflex(redirected from E-circumflex)
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Related to E-circumflex: O circumflex, U circumflex
Any of several marks, especially ( ^ ), used over a vowel in certain languages or in phonetic keys to indicate quality of pronunciation.
1. Having this mark.
2. Curving around: a circumflex blood vessel.
[From Latin circumflexus, bent around, circumflex, past participle of circumflectere, to bend around : circum-, circum- + flectere, to bend.]
(Phonetics & Phonology) a mark (^) placed over a vowel to show that it is pronounced with rising and falling pitch, as in ancient Greek, as a long vowel rather than a short one, as in French, or with some other different quality
(Anatomy) (of certain nerves, arteries, or veins) bending or curving around
[C16: from Latin circumflexus, from circumflectere to bend around, from circum- + flectere to bend]
1. a mark (^ or ~) placed over a vowel in some languages to indicate that the vowel is long, as in French, pronounced with a rise and fall in pitch, as in Classical Greek, stressed, or pronounced with a particular quality, as the (â) in (âr) air.adj.
a. consisting of, indicated by, or bearing a circumflex.
b. pronounced with or characterized by the quality, length, stress, or pitch indicated by a circumflex.
3. bending or winding around.v.t.
4. to bend around.
[1555–65; < Latin circumflexus=circum- circum- + flectere to bend]
A mark (^) placed over a vowel in some languages, such as French, to show a change in pronunciation.
n → Zirkumflex m