Also found in: Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
A country of northwest South America on the Pacific Ocean. Once part of the Inca Empire, it was conquered by the Spanish in 1534 and later became subject to Peru and New Granada. The area achieved independence from Spain in 1822 but formed a part of Greater Colombia until 1830, when it became a separate country. Quito is the capital and Guayaquil the largest city.
Ec′ua·dor′i·an adj. & n.
(Placename) a republic in South America, on the Pacific: under the Incas when Spanish colonization began in 1532; gained independence in 1822; declared a republic in 1830. It consists chiefly of a coastal plain in the west, separated from the densely forested upper Amazon basin (Oriente) by ranges and plateaus of the Andes. Official language: Spanish; Quechua is also widely spoken. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: US dollar. Capital: Quito. Pop: 15 439 429 (2013 est). Area: 283 560 sq km (109 483 sq miles)
a republic in NW South America. 12,562,496; 109,483 sq. mi. (283,561 sq. km). Cap.: Quito.
Ec`ua•do′ran, Ec`ua•do′re•an, Ec`ua•do′ri•an, adj., n.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||Ecuador - a republic in northwestern South America; became independent from Spain in 1822; the landscape is dominated by the Andes|
Puka Inti, Red Sun, Sol Rojo - a small but violent terrorist organization formed in Ecuador in the early 1990s; responsible for bombing several government buildings
OAS, Organization of American States - an association including most countries in the western hemisphere; created in 1948 to promote military and economic and social and cultural cooperation
Guayaquil - the largest city of Ecuador
Galapagos, Galapagos Islands - a group of islands in the Pacific off South America; owned by Ecuador; known for unusual animal life
Cotacachi - an Andean volcano in northern Ecuador; last erupted in 1955
Cotopaxi - the world's largest active volcano; located in the Andes in north central Ecuador
Sangay - an inactive volcano in the Andes in central Ecuador; last erupted in 1946
Andes - a mountain range in South America running 5000 miles along the Pacific coast
Chimborazo - a mountain peak in the Andes in Ecuador (20,560 feet high)
South America - a continent in the western hemisphere connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama