This year also coincides with the anniversaries of a series of important milestones in the history of the science of light, including the works on optics by Ibn Al-Haytham in 1015, the notion of light as a wave proposed by Fresnel in 1815, and the electromagnetic theory
of light propagation proposed by Maxwell in 1865.
Caption: After Michael Faraday (left) built the experimental foundations of electromagnetic theory
, James Clerk Maxwell (right) devised mathematics for Faraday's ideas, providing the theoretical basis for much of the modern world's technology.
First, total signal loss was divided into dielectric loss and conductor loss quantitatively based on electromagnetic theory
for Electromagnetic Compatibility Engineers
James Clerk Maxwell, the renowned Scottish physicist who formulated classical electromagnetic theory
, counseled that, "Thoroughly conscious ignorance is the prelude to every real advance in science.
On the other hand, Kaluza  in 1921 proposed a five-dimensional (5D) theory to unify the Einsteinian general relativity and Maxwellian electromagnetic theory
Models, according to Derman, are a kind of caricature, a metaphor of limited applicability that is not as dependable as, say, James Clerk Maxwell's equations for electromagnetic theory
He has authored more than 230 publications on active microwave remote sensing and electromagnetic theory
, and holds several patents in those fields.
In electromagnetic theory
, the diffraction and dispersion of light are symmetric in spacetime.
Working knowledge of intermediate electromagnetic theory
, quantum mechanics, and optics is assumed.
These have included Maxwell's electromagnetic theory
, the Braggs' first account of X-ray crystallography, Dirac's relativistic theory of the electron, and Watson and Crick's detailed description of the structure of DNA.
The expansion of Maxwell's electromagnetic theory
of light by Heinrich Hertz in 1886 starts our timeline.