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Related to Empedocles: Democritus, Anaxagoras


 (ĕm-pĕd′ə-klēz′) Fifth century bc.
Greek philosopher who believed that all matter is composed of earth, air, fire and water, and that all change is caused by attraction and repulsion.


(Biography) ?490–430 bc, Greek philosopher and scientist, who held that the world is composed of four elements, air, fire, earth, and water, which are governed by the opposing forces of love and discord


(ɛmˈpɛd əˌkliz)

c490–c430 B.C., Greek philosopher and statesman.
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Noun1.Empedocles - Greek philosopher who taught that all matter is composed of particles of fire and water and air and earth (fifth century BC)


[ɛmˈpɛdəˌkliːz] nEmpedocle m
References in classic literature ?
Even when a treatise on medicine or natural science is brought out in verse, the name of poet is by custom given to the author; and yet Homer and Empedocles have nothing in common but the metre, so that it would be right to call the one poet, the other physicist rather than poet.
For it is most true, that a natural and secret hatred, and aversation towards society, in any man, hath somewhat of the savage beast; but it is most untrue, that it should have any character at all, of the divine nature; except it proceed, not out of a pleasure in solitude, but out of a love and desire to sequester a man's self, for a higher conversation: such as is found to have been falsely and feignedly in some of the heathen; as Epimenides the Candian, Numa the Roman, Empedocles the Sicilian, and Apollonius of Tyana; and truly and really, in divers of the ancient hermits and holy fathers of the church.
But the highest minds of the world have never ceased to explore the double meaning, or shall I say the quadruple or the centuple or much more manifold meaning, of every sensuous fact; Orpheus, Empedocles, Heraclitus, Plato, Plutarch, Dante, Swedenborg, and the masters of sculpture, picture, and poetry.
This definition is exactly suited to the taste of Meno, who welcomes the familiar language of Gorgias and Empedocles.
This band of grandees, Hermes, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Plato, Plotinus, Olympiodorus, Proclus, Synesius and the rest, have somewhat so vast in their logic, so primary in their thinking, that it seems antecedent to all the ordinary distinctions of rhetoric and literature, and to be at once poetry and music and dancing and astronomy and mathematics.
Thinkers such as Anaximander, Heraclitus, Pythagoras, Empedocles, and Xenophanes all rely on a model of binary opposites--light and dark, wet and dry, even and odd, happiness and unhappiness, life and death, straight and crooked, and so on--that continually transform the world through some sort of struggle between contraries.
If endowed with the spirit of an ancient philosopher, he would have burned himself on a blazing pyre of playbills, just as Empedocles sought death in the crater of Etna.
Service two years with an option for a further 12 months of industrial cleaning at the Thermal Power Station Porto Empedocles (Lot 4 of the race).
THE LAST WORD CHRYSIPPUS, the Stoic philosopher is said to have died of laughter after watching his drunk donkey try to eat figs while philosopher Empedocles is said to have died by leaping into Mount Etna to show his followers he had become a god.
Not surprisingly, Carr discusses Arnold's "Marguerite" poems and the long poem Empedocles on Etna, along with critical essays, as she develops her arguments.
Abu MaaACAyshar espoused the Aristotelian physical universe in which the four elements that the Greek philosopher Empedocles posited (all matter is composed of earth, air, fire and water, and that all change is caused by attraction and repulsion) were confined to the sublunar world.
Nor is he talking about poetry like that which Aristotle in the Poetics attributes to Empedocles, which is simply philosophical statements in verse, that is, without any use of metaphor, and thus not really poetry.