As it turned out, Rome had all the fundamentalists it needed in its own palaces: Roman Italy was finally levelled not by the Goths or Huns, but by the forces ofthe emperor Justinian
, who in the 530s sought to reconquer Italy and impose a single, state-backed Christianity on all the world's peoples.
Hagia Sophia was originally a basilica constructed for the Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian
I in the sixth century.
Byzantine Emperor Justinian
I ordered the construction of the Hagia Sophia in 537 A.
Not quite as damning as the Emperor Justinian
who 1,400 years ago called for a law against homosexuality because, "as everyone knows, sodomy is a principal cause of earthquakes" but you get the idea.
As the story goes, their tribe, the Gebeliya, descends from Macedonian soldiers Roman Emperor Justinian
sent to the area to protect the monastery in the sixth century CE.
It is said that the monastery was built over remains of an ancient statue of the god "Homerus" by the Byzantine emperor Justinian
I sometime in the 6th century AD.
The author notes in passing (225n60) that Emperor Justinian
II was nicknamed Rhinotmetos, which means "sliced nose" because he was mutilated after he was deposed the first time in an attempt to keep him from reascending the imperial throne (he had a golden prosthetic made and returned to power anyway).
Its formal end resembled its beginning, in that it came by offical decree - that of emperor Justinian
(around 500 A.
Lueck) The Roman Emperor Justinian
further proposed that property which was intentionally abandoned by its owner (res derelicta) turned into a res nullius and could thereafter be claimed by any individual who found it (known as occupatio.
Built in the 6th Century by order of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian
I, it is said to be close to the spot where Moses saw the burning bush.
By the 6th century, with the empire solidly Christian and the last schools of ancient philosophy closed down by Emperor Justinian
, pagan temples were energetically converted into Christian churches.
A bit further afield, some 2km from the city centre lies Plato's Academy, arguably the world's first university, founded in the fourth century BCE, and later shut down by the Byzantine emperor Justinian