arbovirus(redirected from Encephalitis, arbovirus)
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Any of a large group of RNA viruses that are transmitted by arthropods, such as mosquitoes and ticks, and include the causative agents of encephalitis, yellow fever, and dengue.
ar′bo·vi·rol′o·gy (är′bō-vĭ-rŏl′ə-jē) n.
(Microbiology) any one of a group of viruses that cause such diseases as encephalitis and dengue and are transmitted to humans by arthropods, esp insects and ticks
[C20: from ar(thropod-)bo(rne) virus]
ar•bo•vi•rus(ˈɑr bəˌvaɪ rəs)
n., pl. -rus•es.
any of several togaviruses that are transmitted by bloodsucking arthropods, as ticks, fleas, or mosquitoes, and may cause encephalitis, yellow fever, or dengue fever.
[1955–60; ar(thropod)-bo(rne) virus]
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|Noun||1.||arbovirus - a large heterogeneous group of RNA viruses divisible into groups on the basis of the virions; they have been recovered from arthropods, bats, and rodents; most are borne by arthropods; they are linked by the epidemiologic concept of transmission between vertebrate hosts by arthropod vectors (mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, midges, etc.) that feed on blood; they can cause mild fevers, hepatitis, hemorrhagic fever, and encephalitis|
virus - (virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of protein
Bunyaviridae - a large family of arboviruses that affect a wide range of hosts (mainly vertebrates and arthropods)
Togaviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
Flaviviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods
Arenaviridae - a family of arborviruses carried by arthropods
Rhabdoviridae - a family of arborviruses carried by arthropods
Reoviridae - a family of arboviruses carried by arthropods