encephalitis

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Related to Encephalitis viruses: arbovirus, Arbovirus Encephalitis

en·ceph·a·li·tis

 (ĕn-sĕf′ə-lī′tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of the brain.

en·ceph′a·lit′ic (-lĭt′ĭk) adj.

encephalitis

(ˌɛnsɛfəˈlaɪtɪs; ˌɛnkɛf-)
n
(Pathology) inflammation of the brain
Also called: cephalitis
encephalitic adj

en•ceph•a•li•tis

(ɛnˌsɛf əˈlaɪ tɪs)

n.
1. inflammation of the substance of the brain.
[1835–45]
en•ceph`a•lit′ic (-ˈlɪt ɪk) adj.

en·ceph·a·li·tis

(ĕn-sĕf′ə-lī′tĭs)
Inflammation of the brain, usually caused by infection with a virus.

encephalitis

an inflamed condition of the brain.
See also: Brain

encephalitis

An infection of the brain with severe symptoms, caused by a virus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.encephalitis - inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virusencephalitis - inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus; symptoms include headache and neck pain and drowsiness and nausea and fever (`phrenitis' is no longer in scientific use)
inflammation, redness, rubor - a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat
acute hemorrhagic encephalitis - encephalitis that resembles apoplexy due to blood extravasation
equine encephalitis, equine encephalomyelitis - encephalitis caused by a virus that is transmitted by a mosquito from an infected horse
acute inclusion body encephalitis, herpes encephalitis, herpes simplex encephalitis - common form of acute encephalitis caused by herpes simplex 1; usually affects the temporal and frontal lobes
leukoencephalitis - inflammation of the white matter of the brain
cerebromeningitis, encephalomeningitis, meningoencephalitis - inflammation of the brain and spinal cord and their meninges
panencephalitis - diffuse inflammation of the entire brain
encephalitis lethargica, epidemic encephalitis, lethargic encephalitis, sleeping sickness, sleepy sickness - an encephalitis that was epidemic between 1915 and 1926; symptoms include paralysis of the extrinsic eye muscle and extreme muscular weakness
West Nile encephalitis - encephalitis caused by the West Nile virus; can be fatal in humans and horses and birds
Translations
encefalitida
EnzephalitisGehirnentzündung
heilabólga

encephalitis

[ˌensefəˈlaɪtɪs] Nencefalitis f

encephalitis

nGehirnentzündung f

encephalitis

[ˌɛnsɛfəˈlaɪtɪs] nencefalite f

en·ceph·a·li·tis

n. encefalitis, infl. del encéfalo;
acute hemorrhagic ______ aguda hemorrágica;
acute necrotizing ______ aguda necrotizante;
bacterial ______ bacteriana;
epidemic ______ epidémica;
experimental allergic ______ experimental alérgica;
herpes ______ herpética;
lethargic ______ letárgica;
neonatorum ______ del recién nacido;
purulent ______ purulenta;
pyogenic ______ piogénica;
suppurative ______ supurativa.

encephalitis

n encefalitis f; eastern equine — encefalitis equina del este, encefalitis equina oriental (Esp); Venezuelan equine — encefalitis equina venezolana
References in periodicals archive ?
Louis encephalitis, Jamestown Canyon, Powassan, and eastern equine encephalitis viruses, also cause sporadic cases and outbreaks.
Louis encephalitis viruses provides cross protection during reinfection in house finches.
Louis encephalitis viruses, human endogenous retroviruses, HIV-1 infection, tick-borne encephalitis, measles, mumps and rubella, rabies, influenza, hepatic viruses; and other topics, such as viral infections in immunocompromised hosts, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, vaccines and viral/toxin-associated neurologic infections, encephalitis lethargica, and Bell's palsy and vestibular neuronitis.
The most common forms include Japanese encephalitis and tick-borne encephalitis viruses.
West Nile virus and encephalitis viruses come in many forms, but have two things in common--a nonhuman primary host and an infected blood-feeding arthropod, such as a mosquito or tick, reports Fabio Del Piero, assistant professor of pathology at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health have determined that neurons throughout the central nervous system react differently to the body's immune defenses to rid themselves of viruses that cause encephalitis, such as the West Nile and eastern equine encephalitis viruses.

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