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1. Prevalent in a particular locality, region, or population: endemic diseases of the tropics.
2. Native only to a particular locality or region: endemic birds.
3. Common in or inherent to an enterprise or situation: "All the difficulties endemic to historical research become more acute in the case of war" (Constantine Pleshakov).
1. An organism that is native only to a particular locality or region.
2. A disease that is prevalent in a particular locality, region, or population.

[From Greek endēmos, native, endemic : en-, in; see en-2 + dēmos, people; see dā- in Indo-European roots.]

en·dem′i·cal·ly adv.
en·dem′ism n.


the quality of belonging to a particular race, region, or country. — endemicity, n.
See also: Race
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.endemism - nativeness by virtue of originating or occurring naturally (as in a particular place)endemism - nativeness by virtue of originating or occurring naturally (as in a particular place)
nativeness - the quality of belonging to or being connected with a certain place or region by virtue of birth or origin
References in periodicals archive ?
Professor Craig Johnson, from the University of Tasmania's Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, told the Guardian that the value of the Great Southern Reef was "completely under-appreciated," and that the number of endemic species was "orders of magnitude more on the Great Southern Reef than the Great Barrier Reef.
As many as 174 reptile species are found in the country, 13 of them ranked as endemic species.
The research group will use the 2008 published study of the Philippine Endemic Species Conservation Project led by Dr.
Such examples are, among others, the barn swallow, collared dove, common swift, barn owl, bee-eater, white wagtail, as well as endemic species Cyprus wheatear, Cyprus warbler and Cyprus owl, which is an endemic subspecies.
Based on this list of threatened endemic species we conducted additional bibliographic searches to locate published molecular phytogenies and additional conservation information that included these Endangered/Critically Endangered taxa [sensu IUCN (1980, 2001)].
It all begins with the fish plasica, an endemic species in Lake Ohrid.
The reduction in vulture populations was so severe that the three endemic species are now threatened with extinction.
In Malaysia, restore degraded forest within Supu Forest Reserve along the Kinabatangan River, one of the single largest remaining natural forest habitats for the endangered orangutan, storms stork, Borneon bristlehead, and other rare endemic species such as the proboscis monkey and Borneon gibbon.
These special habitats support many rare and endemic species, such as cave beetle and cave salamander.
A spot is "hot" if it is home to no less than 1,500 endemic species and has lost 70 percent or more of its original vegetation from human interference.
They also contain many endemic species found nowhere else in the world.
If successful, this CCA would remove the need to list the wekiu bug under the Endangered Species Act and would also conserve several other endemic species, including the wolf spider and the Agrotis moths.