The family structure in the Middle East has been described as extended, patrilineal, patrilocal, patriarchal, endogamous
, and occasionally polygynous (Baraket, 1993), and patriarchal ideology and family structure have persisted for centuries despite the challenges posed by the modernization of Arab countries.
Further, the endogamous
or exogamous polygamy remains to be one of the most widespread cultural practices among the Sereer Siin community which tradition grants a man a right to have at least three wives, and thus, the first wife is chosen by the man's father or his maternal uncle as the woman is designated under the noun "O Tew O kayenaak"(the shepherd's wife or the girl given to the shepherd as a wife for his breeding activities done in the name of his family members' well-being); she is selected and given to a man as a thankgiving present in regard to the services the man has done in the name of the well-being of all members of the paternal and maternal lineage.
We have seen above how endogamous
marriages were common in the Portuguese branches of this family.
Over the millennia, within this four-caste structure, evolved thousands of endogamous
castes and subcastes, or jatis.
Consanguineous and endogamous
unions are the marital choice the most practiced in the Arab-Muslim world and Chaouis from Khenchela don't make the exception.
Architectural innovations are paralleled by a traditional history that links Heketa with new, and/or increasingly formal, elite activities that mark the rise of endogamous
classes, the end of kin-based land holdings and the emergence of a centralised socio-political system within the Tongan archipelago (Kirch 1990; Burley 1995; Mahina 2000).
Exogamy is known to have a dramatic effect on the language spoken at home; for example, a language shift to English among endogamous
couples from China is only 17 per cent, but for a China-born person in a relationship with a non-Chinese person, the shift to English as the reported 'home language' is 53 per cent (Clyne 2011, 66).
One thing we had in common was that, like most of our generation, we were each the product of a religiously endogamous
marriage, that is, a marriage between two people of the same religion.
Persuasion, of course, famously abandons the estate culture Mansfield Park works so hard to rescue and redeem, and the marriage of Anne, a baronet's daughter, to a naval officer, the most exogamous of Austen's central matches, represents the opposite extreme to Fanny's endogamous
marriage to her cousin and foster brother.
10) While I agree with both Allen and Mills that romantic and sexual intimacy between interracial partners is neither immoral nor counterproductive to black solidarity, I believe the most intriguing facets of their respective arguments are the underlying and unchallenged assumptions that motivate the tendency to depict the promotion of endogamous
relationships, or matrimony itself, as primarily a black women's issue.
Kumarasamy Thangaraj, of the CSIR-CCMB, said: "An important consequence of these results is that the high incidence of genetic and population-specific diseases that is characteristic of present-day India is likely to have increased only in the last few thousand years when groups in India started following strict endogamous
People's own concerns are first and foremost with their relatively endogamous
settlements and their patrilineal exogamous clans.