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Related to English: English vocabulary, English speaking, English Premier league


1. Of, relating to, or characteristic of England or its people or culture.
2. Of or relating to the English language.
1. (used with a pl. verb) The people of England.
a. The West Germanic language of England, the United States, and other countries that are or have been under English influence or control.
b. The English language of a particular time, region, person, or group of persons: American English.
3. A translation into or an equivalent in the English language.
4. A course or individual class in the study of English language, literature, or composition.
5. also english
a. The spin given to a propelled ball by striking it on one side or releasing it with a sharp twist.
b. Bodily movement in an effort to influence the movement of a propelled object; body English.
tr.v. Eng·lished, Eng·lish·ing, Eng·lish·es
1. To translate into English.
2. To adapt into English; Anglicize.

[Middle English, from Old English Englisc, from Engle, the Angles.]

Eng′lish·ness n.
Word History: English is derived from England, one would think. But in fact the language name is found long before the country name. The latter first appears as Englaland around the year 1000 and means "the land of the Engle," that is, the Angles. The Angles, Saxons, and Jutes were the three Germanic tribes that emigrated from what is now Denmark and northern Germany and settled in England around the fourth century ad. Early on, the Angles enjoyed a rise to power that must have made them seem more important than the other two tribes, for all three tribes are indiscriminately referred to in early documents as Angles. The speech of the three tribes was conflated in the same way: they all spoke what would have been called *Anglisc, or "Anglish," as it were. By the earliest recorded Old English, this had changed to Englisc. In Middle English, the first vowel, originally pronounced (ĕ) in Old English, changed further and became the familiar (ĭ) of today, as reflected in the occasional spellings Ingland and Inglish. The same change in the pronunciation of the short vowel (ĕ) to (ĭ) before the sound (ng) also occurred in other Middle English words, such as streng and weng. In Modern English, these words are now always spelled string and wing with an i, but the old spelling with e, reflecting the vowel's earlier pronunciation, has been kept in the case of England and English. See Note at British.


1. (Languages) the official language of Britain, the US, most parts of the Commonwealth, and certain other countries. It is the native language of over 280 million people and is acquired as a second language by many more. It is an Indo-European language belonging to the West Germanic branch. See also Middle English, Old English, Modern English
2. (Peoples) the English (functioning as plural) the natives or inhabitants of England collectively
3. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) (formerly) a size of printer's type approximately equal to 14 point
4. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) an old style of black-letter typeface
5. (Billiards & Snooker) (often not capital) the usual US and Canadian term for side16
6. (Languages) denoting, using, or relating to the English language
7. (Peoples) relating to or characteristic of England or the English
8. (Placename) relating to or characteristic of England or the English
vb (tr)
(Linguistics) archaic to translate or adapt into English.
ˈEnglishness n


(ˈɪŋ glɪʃ or, often, -lɪʃ)

1. the West Germanic language of England: the official language of the United Kingdom and an official, standard, or auxiliary language in the U.S. and regions formerly under British or U.S. dominion, as Ireland, Canada, Australia, and parts of the Caribbean, Africa, South Asia, and Oceania. Abbr.: E
2. (used with a pl. v.)
a. the inhabitants of England.
b. natives of England or persons of English ancestry living outside England.
3. English language, composition, and literature as a course of study in school.
4. simple, straightforward language.
5. (sometimes l.c.)
a. a spinning motion imparted to a ball, esp. in billiards.
6. a 14-point printing type.
7. a grade of calendered paper having a smooth matte finish.
8. of or pertaining to England, its inhabitants, or the language English.
9. to translate into English.
10. to adopt (a foreign word) into English; Anglicize.
[before 900; Middle English; Old English Englisc=Engle (pl.) the English (compare Latin Anglī; see Angle) + -isc -ish1]
Eng′lish•ness, n.


See also language.

1. a word, idiom, or feature of the English language occurring in or borrowed by another language.
2. U.S. a Briticism.
3. any manner, idea, or custom typical of the English people. Also called Englishism.
an authority on the English language or English literature.
a word or phrase characteristic of speakers of English in Britain and not usually used by English speakers elsewhere.


English can be an adjective or a noun.

1. used as an adjective

English means 'belonging or relating to England, its people, or its language'.

My wife's English.
...an English pub.
...the English language.

English is sometimes used to mean 'belonging or relating to Great Britain'. However, it is better to avoid this use, as it may cause offence to people who come from Scotland, Wales, or Northern Ireland.

2. used as a noun

English is the language spoken in Britain, the United States, and many other countries.

Do you speak English?
Half the letter was in Swedish and half in English.

English is also the study of the English language or English literature.

Karen obtained A levels in English, French, and Geography.
...an English lesson.

People who come from England are sometimes referred to as the English.

The English love privacy.

You can sometimes refer to a group of English people, for example supporters of the England football team, as the English.

Why do so many of us love to see the English being beaten in sport?
3. 'Englishman' and 'Englishwoman'

You do not refer to a single English person as an 'English'. You refer to them as an Englishman or an Englishwoman.

Not a single Englishman was arrested.
...a beautiful Englishwoman.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.English - an Indo-European language belonging to the West Germanic branch; the official language of Britain and the United States and most of the commonwealth countries
West Germanic, West Germanic language - a branch of the Germanic languages
American English, American language, American - the English language as used in the United States
cockney - the nonstandard dialect of natives of the east end of London
geordie - the nonstandard dialect of natives of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
King's English, Queen's English - English as spoken by educated persons in southern England
Received Pronunciation - the approved pronunciation of British English; originally based on the King's English as spoken at public schools and at Oxford and Cambridge Universities (and widely accepted elsewhere in Britain); until recently it was the pronunciation of English used in British broadcasting
Middle English - English from about 1100 to 1450
Modern English - English since about 1450
Old English, Anglo-Saxon - English prior to about 1100
Oxford English - the dialect of English spoken at Oxford University and regarded by many as affected and pretentious
Scots, Scots English, Scottish - the dialect of English used in Scotland
2.English - the people of England
nation, country, land - the people who live in a nation or country; "a statement that sums up the nation's mood"; "the news was announced to the nation"; "the whole country worshipped him"
3.English - the discipline that studies the English language and literature
arts, humanistic discipline, humanities, liberal arts - studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills); "the college of arts and sciences"
4.English - (sports) the spin given to a ball by striking it on one side or releasing it with a sharp twist
athletics, sport - an active diversion requiring physical exertion and competition
spin - a swift whirling motion (usually of a missile)
Adj.1.English - of or relating to or characteristic of England or its culture or people; "English history"; "the English landed aristocracy"; "English literature"
2.English - of or relating to the English language
إنجليزيإنْجليزياللغة الإنْجليزيَّهاِنْـجِلِيزيّ
englantienglantilainensivukierreenglannin kieli
אנגליתשייך למערכת המידות האנגלית
engleskiEngleski jezik
영어잉글랜드 사람잉글랜드의
AnglicaAngluslingua anglica
anglų kalbaanglasanglėangliškaiangliškas
angļuangļu-angļu valoda
Anglikjęzyk angielskiAngielkaangielski
englezălimba engleză
tiếng Anhthuộc nước Anh


A. ADJinglés
B. N (Ling) → inglés m
Old Englishinglés m antiguo
King's/Queen's Englishinglés m correcto
in plain Englishen el habla corrienteen cristiano
English as a Foreign Languageinglés para extranjeros
English as a Second Languageinglés como segunda lengua
the English (= people) → los ingleses
C. CPD English breakfast Ndesayuno m inglés or a la inglesa
the English Channel Nel Canal de la Mancha
English Heritage NPatrimonio m Histórico-Artístico
English Language Teaching Nenseñanza f del inglés
English speaker Nanglohablante mf
En el Reino Unido, se llama Received Pronunciation o RP a un tipo de acento no asociado a ninguna región en concreto (si bien tuvo su origen en el inglés hablado en el sur de Inglaterra) que hoy en día usan especialmente las personas educadas en colegios privados, las clases dirigentes y los locutores en los informativos nacionales de la BBC. En los medios de comunicación se acepta ya el uso de acentos regionales siempre y cuando se use la norma lingüística, es decir, utilicen un inglés gramaticalmente correcto, el llamado Standard English. La pronunciación RP suele también tomarse como norma en la enseñanza del inglés británico como lengua extranjera. Todavía goza de cierto prestigio, aunque la gran mayoría de la población habla con el acento de su región, que puede ser más o menos marcado según su educación o clase social.
El inglés americano difiere del inglés británico principalmente en la pronunciación, aunque también hay diferencias ortográficas y léxicas. Tiene también una pronunciación estándar, conocida por el nombre de Network Standard, que es la que se usa en los medios de comunicación, así como diversas variedades regionales. A diferencia del Reino Unido, la asociación de acento y clase social no es muy evidente.


I'm English → Je suis anglais.
an English girl → une Anglaise
English people → les Anglais
n (= language) → anglais m
Do you speak English? → Est-ce que vous parlez anglais?
in English → en anglais
the English → les Anglais mplEnglish breakfast n (in hotel)petit déjeuner m anglais


adjenglisch; he is Englisher ist Engländer; he’s an English teacher (teaching English) → er ist Englischlehrer; (English by nationality) → er ist ein englischer Lehrer; English translatorenglischer Übersetzer, englische Übersetzerin; (foreign) → Übersetzer(in) m(f)für Englisch; (full) English breakfastenglisches Frühstück
the English pldie Engländer pl
(Ling) → Englisch nt; (= the English language in general, English grammar)Englisch nt, → das Englische; (as university subject) → Anglistik f; can you speak English?können Sie Englisch?; he doesn’t speak Englisher spricht kein Englisch; “English spoken”hier wird Englisch gesprochen; they were speaking Englishsie unterhielten sich auf Englisch; he speaks very good Englisher spricht ein sehr gutes Englisch; in Englishauf or in (inf)Englisch; in good/modern-day Englishin gutem/modernem Englisch; to translate something into/from Englishetw ins Englische/aus dem Englischen übersetzen; is that English? (= correct)ist das richtig?; that’s not Englishdas ist verkehrt, das ist falsches Englisch; English/teaching English as a foreign language (abbr EFL/TEFL) → Englisch als Fremdsprache; the King’s/Queen’s Englishdie englische Hochsprache ? Old English, plain ADJ b


English Channel
nÄrmelkanal m
English flute
n (Mus) → Blockflöte f
English Heritage
n (Brit) Organisation für die Pflege von Denkmälern und historischen Bauwerken in England
English horn
n (Mus: = cor anglais) → Englischhorn nt
nEngländer m; an English’s home is his castle (Prov) → für den Engländer ist sein Haus seine Burg
English muffin
n (US Cook) flaches Milchbrötchen, das meist getoastet gegessen wird
English speaker
nEnglischsprachige(r) mf
nEngländerin f


1. adjinglese
2. n
a. the English (people) → gli inglesi
b. (language) → inglese m
in plain English → in parole povere
the King's or Queen's English → l'inglese corretto


(ˈiŋgliʃ) adjective
of England or its inhabitants. three English people; the English language.
the main language of England and the rest of Britain, North America, a great part of the British Commonwealth and some other countries. He speaks English.
Englishmanfeminine ˈEnglishwoman noun
a person born in England.


اِنْـجِلِيزيّ anglický, angličtina engelsk Engländer, englisch αγγλικός, Άγγλος inglés englanti, englantilainen anglais engleski inglese イングランドの, 英語 잉글랜드 사람, 잉글랜드의 Engels engelsk angielski, Anglik inglês английский, английский язык engelsk, engelska เกี่ยวกับชาวอังกฤษ, ภาษาอังกฤษ İngiliz thuộc nước Anh, tiếng Anh 英国人的, 英语


n. [language] inglés; [native]
a. inglés, inglesa.
References in classic literature ?
The girls meantime spread the table, set the children round the fire, and fed them like so many hungry birds, laughing, talking, and trying to understand the funny broken English.
Now Tom, about this business of leasing to the English Government the right to manufac- ture that new explosive of yours," began Ned, plunging into the business at hand.
NOTES: [1] The Bohemian name Antonia is strongly accented on the first syllable, like the English name Anthony, and the `i' is, of course, given the sound of long `e'.
Meanwhile he held on to his modest position in a mercantile house in New Orleans, where an equal familiarity with English, French and Spanish gave him no small value as a clerk and correspondent.
When it is remembered that the Dutch (who first settled New York), the English, and the French, all gave appellations to the tribes that dwelt within the country which is the scene of this story, and that the Indians not only gave different names to their enemies, but frequently to themselves, the cause of the confusion will be understood.
Ere the English ship fades from sight, be it set down here, that she hailed from London, and was named after the late Samuel Enderby, merchant of that city, the original of the famous whaling house of enderby and sons; a house which in my poor whaleman's opinion, comes not far behind the united royal houses of the Tudors and Bourbons, in point of real historical interest.
Four of the five words in the first one were English, and that they were also German was only accidental, not intentional; three out of the five words in the second remark were English, and English only, and the two German ones did not mean anything in particular, in such a connection.
When we came near that coast, and began to rejoice at the prospect of ease and refreshment, we were on the sudden alarmed with the sight of a squadron of ships, of what nation we could not at first distinguish, but soon discovered that they were three English and three Dutch, and were preparing to attack us.
One was the British consul at Suez, who, despite the prophecies of the English Government, and the unfavourable predictions of Stephenson, was in the habit of seeing, from his office window, English ships daily passing to and fro on the great canal, by which the old roundabout route from England to India by the Cape of Good Hope was abridged by at least a half.
The mention of this holy man suggested to Grandfather the propriety of giving a brief sketch of the history of the Indians, so far as they were connected with the English colonists.
I will find, or make, an opportunity of speaking to her," I said to myself as I rolled the devoir up; "I will learn what she has of English in her besides the name of Frances Evans; she is no novice in the language, that is evident, yet she told me she had neither been in England, nor taken lessons in English, nor lived in English families.
He was impatient to report himself to his superior in Washington, and the loss of time in an English port could only incommode him, inasmuch as the study of English institutions was no part of his mission.