entropy

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en·tro·py

 (ĕn′trə-pē)
n. pl. en·tro·pies
1. Symbol S For a closed thermodynamic system, a quantitative measure of the amount of thermal energy not available to do work.
2. A measure of the disorder or randomness in a closed system.
3. A measure of the loss of information in a transmitted message.
4. The tendency for all matter and energy in the universe to evolve toward a state of inert uniformity.
5. Inevitable and steady deterioration of a system or society.

[German Entropie : Greek en-, in; see en-2 + Greek tropē, transformation; see trep- in Indo-European roots.]

en·tro′pic (ĕn-trō′pĭk, -trŏp′ĭk) adj.
en·tro′pi·cal·ly adv.

entropy

(ˈɛntrəpɪ)
n, pl -pies
1. (General Physics) a thermodynamic quantity that changes in a reversible process by an amount equal to the heat absorbed or emitted divided by the thermodynamic temperature. It is measured in joules per kelvin. Symbol: S See also law of thermodynamics
2. (General Physics) a statistical measure of the disorder of a closed system expressed by S = klog P + c where P is the probability that a particular state of the system exists, k is the Boltzmann constant, and c is another constant
3. lack of pattern or organization; disorder
4. (Communications & Information) a measure of the efficiency of a system, such as a code or language, in transmitting information
[C19: from en-2 + -trope]

en•tro•py

(ˈɛn trə pi)

n.
1. a function of thermodynamic variables, as temperature or pressure, that is a measure of the energy that is not available for work in a thermodynamic process. Symbol: S
2. (in data transmission and information theory) a measure of the loss of information in a transmitted signal.
3. (in cosmology) a hypothetical tendency for the universe to attain a state of maximum homogeneity in which all matter is at a uniform temperature.
4. a state of disorder, as in a social system, or a hypothetical tendency toward such a state.
[< German Entropie (1865); see en-2, -tropy]
en•tro•pic (ɛnˈtroʊ pɪk, -ˈtrɒp ɪk) adj.
en•tro′pi•cal•ly, adv.

en·tro·py

(ĕn′trə-pē)
A measure of the amount of disorder in a system. Entropy increases as the system's temperature increases. For example, when an ice cube melts and becomes liquid, the energy of the molecular bonds which formed the ice crystals is lost, and the arrangement of the water molecules is more random, or disordered, than it was in the ice cube.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.entropy - (communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty of an outcome; "the signal contained thousands of bits of information"
communication theory, communications - the discipline that studies the principles of transmiting information and the methods by which it is delivered (as print or radio or television etc.); "communications is his major field of study"
information measure - a system of measurement of information based on the probabilities of the events that convey information
2.entropy - (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work; "entropy increases as matter and energy in the universe degrade to an ultimate state of inert uniformity"
physical property - any property used to characterize matter and energy and their interactions
conformational entropy - entropy calculated from the probability that a state could be reached by chance alone
thermodynamics - the branch of physics concerned with the conversion of different forms of energy
Translations
entropie
entropia

entropy

[ˈentrəpɪ] Nentropía f

entropy

[ˈɛntrəpi] nentropie f

entropy

nEntropie f

entropy

[ˈɛntrəpɪ] nentropia

en·tro·py

n. entropía, disminución de la capacidad de convertir la energía en trabajo.
References in periodicals archive ?
Entropy [DELTA]S* represents the total entropy change in the glassy state under addition of salt.
In Section 3, we analyse the similarity between the supplier state evolutionary process and the entropy change process in thermodynamics, and elaborate the deduction process and the calculation steps of the method as well.
Figure 5 shows a comparison of entropy change of saturated liquid ammonia-water mixtures with respect to the entropy at zero ammonia mass concentration and plotted against ammonia liquid mass concentration at a pressure of 50 bar (725 psia).
If the system is closed to mass flow, and the volume is fixed, the entropy change for a heat flow Q at temperature T is AS = Q/T.
Therefore, the effect of the level of pain has an interaction with and depends on another explanatory variable, which is entropy change among muscles.