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A country of northeast Africa bordering on the Red Sea. Once part of the Ethiopian kingdom of Aksum, it became an Italian colony in 1890 and was named after the Roman term for the Red Sea, Mare erythraeum. Captured by the British during World War II, Eritrea later became a federated part (1952) and then a province (1962) of Ethiopia, from which it gained its independence in 1993. Asmara is the capital and largest city.
Er′i·tre′an adj. & n.
1. (Placename) a small country in NE Africa, on the Red Sea: became an Italian colony in 1890; federated with Ethiopia (1952-93); an independence movement was engaged in war with the Ethiopian government from 1961 until independence was gained in 1993; consists of hot and arid coastal lowlands, rising to the foothills of the Ethiopian highlands. Languages: Tigrinya, Arabic, English, Afar, and others. Religions: Muslim and Christian. Currency: nakfa. Capital: Asmara. Pop: 4 296 000 (2004 est). Area: 117 400 sq km (45 300 sq miles)
Er•i•tre•a(ˌɛr ɪˈtri ə)
a republic in NE Africa, on the Red Sea: Italian colony 1890–1941; province of Ethiopia 1962–93; independent since 1993. 3,984,723; 47,076 sq. mi. (121,927 sq. km). Cap.: Asmara.
Er`i•tre′an, adj., n.
|Noun||1.||Eritrea - an African country to the north of Ethiopia on the Red Sea; achieved independence from Ethiopia in 1993|
Massawa - a port town in Eritrea on an inlet of the Red Sea
Horn of Africa, Somali peninsula - a peninsula of northeastern Africa (the easternmost part of Africa) comprising Somalia and Djibouti and Eritrea and parts of Ethiopia
Eritrean - a native or inhabitant of Eritrea