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Related to Erythrophores: Xanthophores, Cyanophore


1. Any of several types of pigment cells, especially one found in a fish, amphibian, or reptile.
2. A multicellular organ in cephalopods that contains pigment cells.
3. A specialized pigment-bearing organelle in certain photosynthetic bacteria.


1. (Zoology) a cell in the skin of frogs, chameleons, etc, in which pigment is concentrated or dispersed, causing the animal to change colour
2. (Botany) another name for chromoplast
ˌchromatoˈphoric, chromatophorous adj


(krəˈmæt əˌfɔr, -ˌfoʊr)

1. a cell containing pigment, esp. one that produces a temporary color, as in cuttlefishes.
2. one of the colored plastids in plant cells.
chro•mat`o•phor′ic (-ˈfɔr ɪk, -ˈfɒr-) chro•ma•toph•or•ous (ˌkroʊ məˈtɒf ər əs) adj.
References in periodicals archive ?
The colors of melanophores, erythrophores, xanthophores, and cyano-phores are generated by light absorbance on biogenic pigmentary substances that are contained in organelles (chromatosomes).
When Siamese fighting fish encounter certain stressful or threatening environmental conditions, such as exposure to toxic chemicals, the erythrophores change appearance.
alalunga consistently had more erythrophores on the dorsal edge of the trunk and tail in front of the caudal peduncle than did T.
W7 also inhibits pigment aggregation in cultured fish melanophores and erythrophores (Xiphophorus maculatus, Oshima et al.
Ionic requirements for PCH-induced pigment aggregation in the freshwater shrimp, Macrobrachium potiuna, erythrophores.
Taylor (1992) has demonstrated pigment granules in goldfish erythrophores arrayed along narrow ER cisternae, apparently in a stretched state.
Pigment granules remain dispersed in cultured Xi-phophorus maculatus erythrophores perfused with 10 [mu]M A23187 and EGTA-buffered, [10.