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[Translation of French états généraux.]
References in periodicals archive ?
Still, such criticisms are offset by the breadth of sources used in The Catholicisms of Coutances, and among these sources perhaps the most convincing are the cahiers de doleances that were sent on behalf of the Third Estate to the Estates-General of 1789.
The king escaped to Blois, called the Estates-General there, and condemned the Duke of Guise to death, as well as his brother, the Bishop of Lorraine, in 1588.
This leads him to pick out events Pinagot was likely to have heard or known about, including the cahiers for the Estates-General, chouannerie, periods of dearth and popular protest (of which an account is given), conflicts over the local church, the impingement of the outside world in the invasions of 1815 and 1870-1, but not Napoleon.
To help get him out of the financial glue, the king recalled the Estates-General, an assembly that had not met for more than 150 years.
The third estate's reconstitution of the Estates-General as a National Assembly (p.
Section three, consisting of three 'chapters, focuses on popular pamphlets; the voices of the peasantry (an issue that has been more amply addressed by John Markoff, Gilbert Shapiro, and Peter Jones); and a final, quite interesting chapter on the array of local meetings and assemblies that took place across France between May 1788 and January 1789, during the period when the form of the upcoming Estates-General was being vigorously debated, particularly among members of the Third Estate.
Richardson does not identify the new style of kingship with the revival of Roman law, the creation of a standing royal army, the transfer of power from the nobility to the king or the decline of the Estates-General and other consultative assemblies.