# poles

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## pole 1

(pōl)
n.
1. Either extremity of an axis through a sphere.
2. Either of the regions contiguous to the extremities of the earth's rotational axis, the North Pole or the South Pole.
3. Physics See magnetic pole.
4. Electricity Either of two oppositely charged terminals, as in an electric cell or battery.
5. Astronomy See celestial pole.
6. Biology
a. Either extremity of the main axis of a nucleus, cell, or organism.
b. Either end of the spindle formed in a cell during mitosis.
c. The point on a nerve cell where a process originates.
7. Either of two antithetical ideas, propensities, forces, or positions.
8. A fixed point of reference.
9. Mathematics
a. The origin in a polar coordinate system; the vertex of a polar angle.
b. A point in the complex plane at which a given function is not defined.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin polus, from Greek polos, axis, sky; see kwel- in Indo-European roots.]

## pole 2

(pōl)
n.
1. A long, relatively slender, generally rounded piece of wood or other material.
2. The long tapering wooden shaft extending up from the front axle of a vehicle to the collars of the animals drawing it; a tongue.
3.
a. See rod.
b. A unit of area equal to a square rod.
4. Sports The inside position on the starting line of a racetrack: qualified in the time trials to start on the pole.
v. poled, pol·ing, poles
v.tr.
1.
a. To propel with a pole: boatmen poling barges up a placid river.
b. To propel (oneself) or make (one's way) by the use of ski poles: "We ski through the glades on corn snow, then pole our way over a long one-hour runout to a road" (Frederick Selby).
2. To support (plants) with a pole.
3. To strike, poke, or stir with a pole.
v.intr.
1. To propel a boat or raft with a pole.
2. To use ski poles to maintain or gain speed.

[Middle English, from Old English pāl, from Latin pālus, stake; see pag- in Indo-European roots.]

## Pole

(pōl)
n.
1. A native or inhabitant of Poland.
2. A person of Polish ancestry.

## poles

• sedan chair - An enclosed chair carried on poles.
• oblate, prolate - Oblate means "flattened at the poles," and the opposite is prolate; the Earth is an oblate spheroid.
• tent - Comes from a Latin word for "stretch," as early tents were made from cloth or skins stretched on poles.
• running boards - Originally extended from bow to stern on canal boats—which men walked along, propelling the boats with poles.

## poles

1. The ends of the Earth’s axis, forming its northernmost and southernmost points: the North Pole and South Pole. Their locations do not correspond exactly with the North and South magnetic poles that are produced by the Earth’s magnetic properties.
2. Two points of a magnet where magnetism seems concentrated.
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Stating that Polish Senate traditionally plays a leading role in maintaining links with the vast Polish diaspora all over the World, he said that was pleased that Kazakhstan has created favorable conditions for ethnic Poles.
5 million ethnic Poles in Germany has never been restored since it was revoked in 1940, despite the fact that Poland's 150,000-strong German minority has been represented in the national parliament since 1991 due to privileged electoral rules.
These included both ethnic Poles, who were overwhelmingly Catholic, and Polish Jews, who retained their own religion and culture while living in Poland.
Examples include the harassment of ethnic Poles in Belarus and the abduction, detainment and torture of American attorney Emanuel Zeltser and his assistant Vladlena Funk in 2008-2009.
About the PSFCU Founded in 1976 by a group of Polish immigrants to help other ethnic Poles obtain mortgages, the Polish & Slavic Federal Credit Union now has 16 branches in New York, New Jersey and Illinois, and an operations center in Fairfield, NJ.
Lithuania, Belarus, and much of Ukraine, all of which were included in the "Poland" of 1772, are today independent countries with very small populations of ethnic Poles living in them.
Auschwitz I served as the administrative centre and was the site of the deaths of roughly 70,000 people, mostly ethnic Poles and Soviet prisoners of war.
When WWI erupted, Pilsudski convinced Hapsburg authorities to allow him to lead a group of ethnic Poles, dubbed the Polish Legions, against the Russians.
VILNIUS, Shawwal 6, 1432, Sep 4, 2011, SPA -- Poland's Prime Minister Donald Tusk visited Lithuania in a hastily arranged trip on Sunday to show solidarity with ethnic Poles, who have protested against plans to increase the teaching of the Lithuanian language in Polish schools, according to Reuters.
Politicians and religious leaders urged Wales never to forget the six million Jews and millions more ethnic Poles, Romanians, Russians, prisoners of war, disabled people, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses and political and religious opponents murdered by the Nazis in World War II.
24) Ethnic Poles entering France from Germany--the so-called Ruhrpoles, or Westphaliens, as they were known in France--played a leading role in the immigrant community.
2 If the definition of the Holocaust were widened to include other groups the Nazis systematically murdered, such as ethnic Poles, homosexuals and Jehovah's witnesses, some scholars believe this number could be closer to 17 million.

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