buckthorn(redirected from European buckthorn)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to European buckthorn: common teasel
1. Any of various shrubs or small trees of the genera Rhamnus and Frangula, including several ornamentals, medicinal species such as the cascara buckthorn, and the invasive species R. cathartica.
2. See bumelia.
[Translation of New Latin cervī spīna : cervī, genitive of cervus, deer, buck + spīna, thorn.]
(Plants) any of several thorny small-flowered shrubs of the genus Rhamnus, esp the Eurasian species R. cathartica, whose berries were formerly used as a purgative: family Rhamnaceae. See also sea buckthorn
[C16: from buck1 (from the spiny branches, imagined as resembling antlers) + thorn]
1. any of several often thorny trees or shrubs of the genus Rhamnus, of the buckthorn family.
2. a thorny tree, Bumelialycioides, of the sapodilla family, common in the southern U.S., having large clusters of white flowers.
[1570–80; translation of New Latin cervi spina]
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||buckthorn - a shrub or shrubby tree of the genus Rhamnus; fruits are source of yellow dyes or pigments|
bearberry, bearwood, cascara buckthorn, chittamwood, chittimwood, Rhamnus purshianus - shrubby tree of the Pacific coast of the United States; yields cascara sagrada
Carolina buckthorn, indian cherry, Rhamnus carolinianus - deciduous shrub of eastern and central United States having black berrylike fruit; golden-yellow in autumn
California buckthorn, California coffee, coffeeberry, Rhamnus californicus - evergreen shrub of western United States bearing small red or black fruits
|2.||buckthorn - any shrub or small tree of the genus Bumelia|
Bumelia, genus Bumelia - deciduous or evergreen American shrubs small trees having very hard wood and milky latex
Bumelia lycioides, shittim, southern buckthorn, shittimwood, mock orange - shrubby thorny deciduous tree of southeastern United States with white flowers and small black drupaceous fruit
black haw, Bumelia lanuginosa, false buckthorn, shittimwood, chittamwood, chittimwood - deciduous tree of southeastern United States and Mexico
|3.||buckthorn - an Old World plantain with long narrow ribbed leaves widely established in temperate regions|
plantain - any of numerous plants of the genus Plantago; mostly small roadside or dooryard weeds with elliptic leaves and small spikes of very small flowers; seeds of some used medicinally