excommunicate

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ex·com·mu·ni·cate

 (ĕks′kə-myo͞o′nĭ-kāt′)
tr.v. ex·com·mu·ni·cat·ed, ex·com·mu·ni·cat·ing, ex·com·mu·ni·cates
1. To deprive of the right of church membership by ecclesiastical authority.
2. To exclude by or as if by decree from membership or participation in a group.
n. (-kĭt)
A person who has been excommunicated.
adj. (-kĭt, -kāt′)
Having been excommunicated.

[Middle English excommunicaten, from Late Latin excommūnicāre, excommūnicāt- : Latin ex-, ex- + Latin commūnicāre, to share (from commūnis, common; see common).]

ex′com·mu′ni·ca′tive (-kā′tĭv, -kə-), ex′com·mu′ni·ca·to′ry (-kə-tôr′ē) adj.
ex′com·mu′ni·ca′tor n.

excommunicate

vb
(Roman Catholic Church) (tr) to sentence (a member of the Church) to exclusion from the communion of believers and from the privileges and public prayers of the Church
adj
(Roman Catholic Church) having incurred such a sentence
n
(Roman Catholic Church) an excommunicated person
[C15: from Late Latin excommūnicāre, literally: to exclude from the community, from Latin commūnis common]
ˌexcomˈmunicable adj
ˌexcomˌmuniˈcation n
ˌexcomˈmunicative, ˌexcomˈmunicatory adj
ˌexcomˈmunicator n

ex•com•mu•ni•cate

(v. ˌɛks kəˈmyu nɪˌkeɪt; n., adj. -kɪt, -ˌkeɪt)

v. -cat•ed, -cat•ing,
n., adj. v.t.
1. to cut off from communion or membership, esp. from the sacraments and fellowship of the church by ecclesiastical sentence.
n.
2. an excommunicated person.
adj.
3. excommunicated.
[1375–1425; late Middle English < Late Latin excommūnicātus, past participle of excommūnicāre]
ex`com•mu′ni•ca`tor, n.

excommunicate


Past participle: excommunicated
Gerund: excommunicating

Imperative
excommunicate
excommunicate
Present
I excommunicate
you excommunicate
he/she/it excommunicates
we excommunicate
you excommunicate
they excommunicate
Preterite
I excommunicated
you excommunicated
he/she/it excommunicated
we excommunicated
you excommunicated
they excommunicated
Present Continuous
I am excommunicating
you are excommunicating
he/she/it is excommunicating
we are excommunicating
you are excommunicating
they are excommunicating
Present Perfect
I have excommunicated
you have excommunicated
he/she/it has excommunicated
we have excommunicated
you have excommunicated
they have excommunicated
Past Continuous
I was excommunicating
you were excommunicating
he/she/it was excommunicating
we were excommunicating
you were excommunicating
they were excommunicating
Past Perfect
I had excommunicated
you had excommunicated
he/she/it had excommunicated
we had excommunicated
you had excommunicated
they had excommunicated
Future
I will excommunicate
you will excommunicate
he/she/it will excommunicate
we will excommunicate
you will excommunicate
they will excommunicate
Future Perfect
I will have excommunicated
you will have excommunicated
he/she/it will have excommunicated
we will have excommunicated
you will have excommunicated
they will have excommunicated
Future Continuous
I will be excommunicating
you will be excommunicating
he/she/it will be excommunicating
we will be excommunicating
you will be excommunicating
they will be excommunicating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been excommunicating
you have been excommunicating
he/she/it has been excommunicating
we have been excommunicating
you have been excommunicating
they have been excommunicating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been excommunicating
you will have been excommunicating
he/she/it will have been excommunicating
we will have been excommunicating
you will have been excommunicating
they will have been excommunicating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been excommunicating
you had been excommunicating
he/she/it had been excommunicating
we had been excommunicating
you had been excommunicating
they had been excommunicating
Conditional
I would excommunicate
you would excommunicate
he/she/it would excommunicate
we would excommunicate
you would excommunicate
they would excommunicate
Past Conditional
I would have excommunicated
you would have excommunicated
he/she/it would have excommunicated
we would have excommunicated
you would have excommunicated
they would have excommunicated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.excommunicate - exclude from a church or a religious community; "The gay priest was excommunicated when he married his partner"
excommunicate - oust or exclude from a group or membership by decree
keep out, shut out, exclude, shut - prevent from entering; shut out; "The trees were shutting out all sunlight"; "This policy excludes people who have a criminal record from entering the country"
communicate - administer Communion; in church
2.excommunicate - oust or exclude from a group or membership by decree
excommunicate, unchurch, curse - exclude from a church or a religious community; "The gay priest was excommunicated when he married his partner"
boot out, drum out, oust, expel, kick out, throw out - remove from a position or office; "The chairman was ousted after he misappropriated funds"

excommunicate

verb expel, ban, remove, exclude, denounce, banish, eject, repudiate, proscribe, cast out, unchurch, anathematize In 1656 Spinoza was excommunicated because of his religious views.
Translations
ekskomuniciratiizopćiti
kiközösít

excommunicate

[ˌekskəˈmjuːnɪkeɪt] VTexcomulgar

excommunicate

[ˌɛkskəˈmjuːnɪkeɪt] vt [+ member of church] → excommunier

excommunicate

excommunicate

[ˌɛkskəˈmjuːnɪˌkeɪt] vtscomunicare
References in classic literature ?
With more kisses, and hugs, and tears, than many young gentlemen who start upon their travels, and leave well-stocked homes behind them, would deem within the bounds of probability (if matter so low could be herein set down), Kit left the house at an early hour next morning, and set out to walk to Finchley; feeling a sufficient pride in his appearance to have warranted his excommunication from Little Bethel from that time forth, if he had ever been one of that mournful congregation.
As I did not care, however, to get to Highgate before one or two o'clock in the day, and as we had another little excommunication case in court that morning, which was called The office of the judge promoted by Tipkins against Bullock for his soul's correction, I passed an hour or two in attendance on it with Mr.
There is no nation where excommunication carries greater terrors than among the Abyssins, which puts it in the power of the priests to abuse this religious temper of the people, as well as the authority they receive from it, by excommunicating them, as they often do, for the least trifle in which their interest is concerned.
So I should have done," said Sancho, "if I had not got it by heart when your worship read it to me, so that I repeated it to a sacristan, who copied it out for me from hearing it, so exactly that he said in all the days of his life, though he had read many a letter of excommunication, he had never seen or read so pretty a letter as that.
He rained upon it curses from God and High Heaven, and withered it with a heat of invective that savoured of a mediaeval excommunication of the Catholic Church.
He threatened excommunication and hell fire in my last moments if I continued obdurate.
So saying, he cast him off again; and calling the long comrade aside after taking a few hasty turns by himself, bade him immediately write and post against the wall, a notice, proscribing one Joseph Willet (commonly known as Joe) of Chigwell; forbidding all 'Prentice Knights to succour, comfort, or hold communion with him; and requiring them, on pain of excommunication, to molest, hurt, wrong, annoy, and pick quarrels with the said Joseph, whensoever and wheresoever they, or any of them, should happen to encounter him.
For this atrocity the Abbot menaced him with excommunication, and made out a dreadful list of complaints in the bowels and stomach, suffered by himself and his monks, in consequence of the tyrannical and unjust imprisonment they had sustained.
For this we had an excommunication read against the man, when next we saw our holy father at Avignon; but as we had not his name, and knew nothing of him, save that he rode a dapple-gray roussin, I have feared sometimes that the blight may have settled upon the wrong man.
Nothing else to be permitted to those same vagrants the Arts, on pain of excommunication.
In 2009, Benedict removed the excommunications in a bid to bring the group back into full communion with Rome and prevent further schism.
Only Jesus Christ can excommunicate anyone and he does not do excommunications.