A propos de quelques exonymes
et endonymes chez les musulmans du Cambodge" [Beyond ethnonyms: Notes on some exonyms
and endonyms used among Muslims in Cambodia].
It is of course well understood that the use of exonyms
, as was the practice until now, was without prejudice to the sovereignty or territorial integrity of the neighbouring country.
But most groups in Kalimantan now use the exonyms
ascribed to them by outside observers.
as Geographical Names: the Example of Portuguese, Onomastica Canadiana, 72(1), 11-24.
28) This interpretation of the exonym
simply as an injuring labeling does not convince me, as I am aware that along the time exonyms
were not necessarily negatively charged but gained this value in circumstances where political tensions or confrontations required semantic reevaluation.
33) This is a common problem with using ethnonyms and exonyms
, (34) which can be used to refer to more than one specific language group or ethnic group or sometimes to a group of people occupying a particular geographical location.
MultiNet Poland contains all municipal borders and offers exonyms
(place names that differ from the official name) for the most important municipalities.
Unfortunately, some such exonyms
have become deprecatory in meaning, as the social and spatial distance increased between the namers and those named.
It appears that the use of alternative ethnonyms, across different languages boundaries (both exonyms
and endonyms, nicknames, etc.
Luohei," "Mussur," and "Kui," along with "Mian" in the Lincang area, are the true exonyms
There, people's names depended on places, exonyms
, and internal and external autonyms that all together made them very complicated.
In other circumstances the designation might have been adopted like many other exonyms