Fanagalo


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Fanagalo

(ˈfænəɡələʊ) or

Fanakalo

n
(Languages) (in South Africa) a Zulu-based pidgin with English and Afrikaans components, esp associated with the mines
[C20: from Fanagalo fana go lo, literally: to be like this; compare Zulu fand to be like, ka-lo of this]
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References in periodicals archive ?
When instructions must be passed, it's usually in Fanagalo, the Esperanto of the mines.
From time to time, the unions try and get Fanagalo banned.
We are here to talk," one official said in Fanagalo, a unique language spoken in mines which is a mix of English and various African tongues.
He keeps the name of his cafe as the Olympic Cafe out of respect for the former owner, and he speaks a mixture of isiZulu and Fanagalo to the black youngsters playing video games in his shop.
La violence economique joue, effectivement, un role dans l'emergence de la << culture de la pauvrete >> (Gutmann 2002); la violence symbolique joue un role dans la genese et le maintien des identites de genres dans les societes patriarcales (Bourdieu 1998); sous le regime d'apartheid la violence structurelle et directe qui limitait l'acces a l'education chez les Noirs sud-africains et les exposait a des conditions de quasiesclavage au fond des mines de diamants a cree les conditions propices a l'emergence d'une innovation culturelle, le pidgin Fanagalo, pour communiquer avec les maitres (Aubry 1998).
1998, Kitchen kaffir, basic bantu, isilololo, fanagalo .
The nearest thing to a common Bantu language is probably Fanagalo, which is a mixture of many languages (analogous to Swahili or Chilapalapa).
Because fanagalo is viewed by most blacks as the language of oppression and exploitation par excellence, it has not in fact become part of the mainstream.