fatty acid

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fatty acid

n.
Any of a large group of monoprotic acids, especially those found in animal and vegetable fats and oils, having the general formula CnH2n+1COOH. Characteristically made up of saturated or unsaturated aliphatic compounds with an even number of carbon atoms, this group of acids includes palmitic, stearic, and oleic acids.

fatty acid

n
1. (Biochemistry) any of a class of aliphatic carboxylic acids, such as palmitic acid, stearic acid, and oleic acid, that form part of a lipid molecule
2. (Elements & Compounds) another name for carboxylic acid, used esp of a naturally occurring one

fat′ty ac′id


n.
any of a class of aliphatic acids, esp. palmitic, stearic, or oleic acid, consisting of a long hydrocarbon chain ending in a carboxyl group that bonds to glycerol to form a fat.
[1860–65]

fat·ty acid

(făt′ē)
Any of a large group of organic acids, especially those found in animal and vegetable fats and oils. Fatty acids are mainly composed of long chains of carbon atoms linked to hydrogen atoms. A fatty acid is saturated when the bonds between carbon atoms are all single bonds. It is unsaturated when any of these bonds is a double or triple bond.

fatty acid

A monobasic acid, especially one found in animal fats or vegetable oils.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fatty acid - any of a class of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids that form part of a lipid molecule and can be derived from fat by hydrolysis; fatty acids are simple molecules built around a series of carbon atoms linked together in a chain of 12 to 22 carbon atoms
carboxylic acid - an organic acid characterized by one or more carboxyl groups
saturated fatty acid - a fatty acid whose carbon chain cannot absorb any more hydrogen atoms; found chiefly in animal fats
unsaturated fatty acid - a fatty acid whose carbon chain can absorb additional hydrogen atoms
trans fatty acid - a fatty acid that has been produced by hydrogenating an unsaturated fatty acid (and so changing its shape); found in processed foods such as margarine and fried foods and puddings and commercially baked goods and partially hydrogenated vegetable oils
Translations
mastná kyselina
rasvahappo
acide gras
vetzuur
fettsyra

fatty acid

nFettsäure f

fatty acid

n ácido graso; essential — —ácido graso esencial; monounsaturat-ed — —ácido graso monoinsaturado; omega-3 — — ácido graso omega-3; polyunsaturated — —ácido graso poliinsaturado; saturated — —ácido graso saturado; trans — —ácido graso trans; unsaturated — —ácido graso insaturado
References in periodicals archive ?
Abnormal fatty-acid composition of plasma lipids in cystic fibrosis.
Early use of secondary energy sources (fats) becomes imperative, and such use requires fully competent fatty-acid oxidation in the mitochondria.
The triacylglycerols of fat depots in monogastrics, therefore, tend to have a similar fatty-acid composition to that of dietary fat.