The Greeks read the Nicene Creed, with the Western addition of the Filioque clause
sung three times.
He noted how this significance reflects a dramatic change in historical priorities: at the Council of Ferrarra (1448-49) the role of the pope in the Church was accorded relatively minor treatment compared to the time and energy invested in debating the issues of purgatory and the filioque clause
of the Nicene Creed.
The removing of the filioque clause
would rectify the understanding of the Trinity.
The origins of the three creeds are recounted and he explains why the filioque clause
is omitted from modern English versions of the Nicene Creed.
Orthodox divines argued that since the filioque clause
had not been sanctioned by an ecumenical council, a union based on faulty doctrine was doomed.
That we should expect three and only three persons is argued from the nature of love, and in such a way that we should expect the filioque clause
to be true.
on the nature of the Catholic/Orthodox dispute over the filioque clause
in the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed), references for further study, and an index.
Eastern Christianity, not encumbered with the West's juridical obsessions, understands the person and work of the Holy Spirit quite differently and with the addition in the west of the Filioque clause
(Who proceedeth from the Father and the Son) to the Nicene Creed the theological foundation was laid for the split between western and eastern Christianity in 1054 C.
1) Deleting the taboo creeds from our collective liturgy and polity, and unfortunately also from our collective memory, often includes circumnavigating or altogether disregarding certain creed-related theological controversies--such as the Filioque clause, the phrase translated "and the Son," which the West added to the 381 Creed.
To be clear, I am not offering an apologia for noncreedal theology as much as acknowledging the noncreedal tradition(s) and exploring points of contact with the debate over the Filioque clause.
Samartha, "The Filioque Clause
in Ecumenical Perspective: Klingenthal Memorandum 1979," in Hans-Georg Link, ed.
10 Lukas Vischer, "Memorandum: The Filioque Clause
in Ecumenical Perspective," in Vischer, Spirit of God, Spirit of Christ, p.