flavonoid

(redirected from Flavinoids)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.

fla·vo·noid

 (flā′və-noid′)
n.
1. Any of a large group of water-soluble antioxidant compounds, including the anthocyanins, flavonols, flavones, and isoflavonoids, often occurring as glycosides in plants and consisting of two aromatic rings linked by a carbon bridge that often forms a heterocyclic ring. Flavonoids are found in tea, red wine, and a variety of vegetables and fruits.
2. Any of various compounds that are a subset of this group, including the flavones, flavanols, and flavonols, as distinguished from the isoflavonoids. In both senses also called bioflavonoid.

flavonoid

(ˈfleɪvəˌnɔɪd)
n
(Elements & Compounds) any of a group of organic compounds that occur as pigments in fruit and flowers
[C20: from flavone + -oid]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.flavonoid - any of a large class of plant pigments having a chemical structure based on or similar to flavone
phytochemical - a chemical substance obtained from plants that is biologically active but not nutritive
pigment - dry coloring material (especially a powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint, etc.)
Translations

flavonoid

n flavonoide m
References in periodicals archive ?
2013), flavinoids and polyphenols, known to have anti-oxidants properties and protect against cancer, aging and cardiovascular diseases (Huang et al.
10 Peels of pomegranate contain high content of polyphenols such as condensed tannins and proanthocyanidins, anthocyanins (delphinidin, cyanidin and pelargonidin 3-glucosides and 3, 5-diglucosides) and flavinoids which are referred to as antioxidants.
Plants were able to produce secondary metabolites including phenolics mainly flavinoids, tannins and lignins played crucial role in reduction of disease severity (Tiaz and Zeiger, 2002; Wahid and Ghazanfar, 2006).
bulbs possess numerous organic sulphur compounds including Trans-S-(1-propenyl) cysteine sulfoxide, S-methyl-cysteine sulfoxide, spropylcycteine sulfoxides and cycloallicin, flavinoids, phenolic acids, sterols including cholesterol, stigma sterol, b-sitosterol, saponins, sugars and a trace of volatile oil compounds mainly of sulphur compounds [38].
7) and flavinoids possess significant antiinflammatory properties because of their ability to inhibit the enzymes cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase which inturn inhibit synthesis of prostaglandins and leukotrienes.
Other articles examine sarcopenia and smoking, the link between altered cholesterol metabolism and Alzheimer's disease, the properties of rottlerin and curcumin, the effects of plant polyphenols on the skin, the relevance of flavinoids for metabolic syndrome, dietary polyphenols and cancer prevention, cigarette smoke and ozone effects on murine inflammatory responses, the role of dietary nutrients in age-related changes in gene expression, the role of oxidative stress in Rett syndrome, and cutaneous wound repair.
The fruits contain ellegic acid, gallic acid, phyllemblic acid, quercetin, kaempferol, emblicanin, flavinoids, glycosides and vitamin C.
Flavinoids was found in high concentration in all seeds of weeds occurring in wheat crop may be responsible for their use in herbal medicine for cure of various ailments like capillary and vascular weakness (varicose veins, dysfunction, blood cloting and oedema) (Olivere- Bever, 1986; Rogar, 2002).
Blueberries and black grapes contain flavinoids, which prevent damage by free radicals and ageing.
Dietary recommendations included lots of many-colored fresh organic vegetables so that we receive a wide variety of flavinoids and antioxidants.
Hibiscus contains flavinoids and phenolic acids that have potent antioxidant properties.